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Aggregate 1 (A-1)

Surface-to-Surface Missile




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Service Data

In Service:

Production Data

First Flight:
Manufacturer: Wernher von Braun, Kummersdorf
Number built: 1

Technical Data

Type: Surface-to-Surface Missile

Guidance system: Gyroscope
Length: 1.395 m
Wingspan: m
Diameter: 0.3 m
Weight: 149 kg
Engine: 1 × liquid fuel rocket engine producing up to 300 kg of thrust
Maximum speed: km/h
Range: km
Warhead:
Fuze:
Launch Platform: Mobile
Operators: Heer
Variants:
A-1
A-2
A-3
A-4
A-4 SLBM
A-4b / A-9
A-5
A-6
A-7
A-8
A-9 / A-10

Other: Missiles
Articles:

History

The Aggregate 1 (A-1) was the first in a series of ballistic missiles designed and developed by Dr.-Ing. Wernher von Braun in 1933 under the leadership of Dr. Walter Robert Dornberger, at Kummersdorf south of Berlin.

The Aggregate 1 (A-1) ballistic missile was 1.395 m long by 0.3 m in diameter and had a takeoff weight 149 kg and also incorporated a gyroscope in the nose section to stabilise the missile in flight. The rocket engine used 25% liquid oxygen and 75% ethanol in a pressure fed system to give a maximum thrust of 300 kg for 16 seconds of burn time which was designed by Arthur Rudolph.

There were several successful tests of the rocket engine. However, on the first launch attempt the missile blew up on the launch pad, and so no further development continued with this variant of Aggregate rocket.

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Sources

The Warplanes of the Third Reich.
ISBN-10: 0385057822

German Aircraft of the Second World War.
ISBN-10: 0370000242

Hitler's Luftwaffe.
ISBN-10: 051718771X

For a complete list of sources
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