(Smoke Mortar literally "Fog thrower") was a World War II German series
of weapons designed to deliver chemical weapons. They were initially developed
by and assigned to the Wehrmacht's Chemical Troops (Nebeltruppen). They were primarily
intended to deliver poison gas and smoke shells, although a high-explosive shell
was developed for their Nebelwerfers from the beginning. The Nebeltruppen were
organised into batteries of six launchers with three batteries per battalion.
These battalions were concentrated in independent Werfer-Regiments and Brigades.
They saw service on the Eastern Front, North Africa, Italian Campaign and the
defence of France. Gallery: Sources:
German Artillery in World War II. 1939-1945.
German Artillery of World War Two.
German Rocket Launchers in WWII
German infantry weapons of World War II.
For a complete list of sources