The Bismarck class battleships were a class of battleships
built by the Wehrmacht around the onset of World War II. In
terms of full-load displacement, the Bismarck-class ships
were the third-largest battleships ever built. According to
the prewar German naval program, Plan Z, the Bismarcks were
to function in conjunction with the Scharnhorst battleships
as a homefleet set against the Royal Navy. Operationally,
they had to be used in attacking merchant shipping. Bismarck
was sunk in battle with the Royal Navy in the North Atlantic.
The Tirpitz capsized at its anchorage in Norway after an aerial
attack from Royal Air Force bombers.
The Scharnhorst class were the foremost capital ships built
for the German Navy since World War I. They marked the commencement
of German naval rearmament after the Treaty of Versailles.
They were the first class of German ships to be officially
called by the Kriegsmarine as Schlachtschiff (battleship).
Preceding German battleships were classified as Linienschiffe
(ship of the line) and Panzerschiffe (armoured ship). Their
enemy, the Royal Navy considered them as battlecruisers, although
another adversary, the United States Navy thought of them
Ships in Bismarck class
Ships in Scharnhorst class
German Warships, 1815-1945: Major Surface Vessels.
German Warships, 1815-1945: U-boats and Mine Warfare Vessels.
German warships of the Second World War.
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