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Blücher

Heavy Cruiser




Blücher Heavy cruiser

Service Data

In Service: 20 September 1939 to 9 April 1940

Production Data

Ordered: 30 October 1934
Builder: Deutsche Werke AG, Kiel
Construction No: 246
Laid down: 15 August 1935
Launched: 8 June 1937
Commissioned: 20 September 1939

Technical Data

Type: Heavy cruiser
Class: Admiral Hipper

Displacement: 14,050 tons standard. 18,200 tons full load
Length: 203.2 m
Beam: 22 m
Draft: 7.2 m
Propulsion: 3 × shaft SR Deschimag turbines,
12 × Wagner boilers. producing up to 131,821 shp
Propellers:
Speed: 32.8 knots
Range: 6,800 nautical miles at 20 knots
Crew: 1,600 men and officers
Armament:
8 × 20.3 cm L/60 SK C/34
12 × 10.5 cm L/65 SK C/33
carried 4,800 rounds
12 × 3.7 cm L/83 SK C/30
carried 4,000 rounds
8 × 2 cm MG L/65 C/30
carried 16,000 rounds
15 × 4 cm L/56 Flak 28 after 1944
carried 30,000 rounds
12 × 53.3 cm torpedoe tubes
160 mines
Armour Deck 20 to 50 mm, Belt 70 to 80 mm
Turrets 70 to 105 mm, Tower 50 to15 cm
Aircraft: 3 × Arado Ar 196, seaplanes
Electronics:
Operators: Kriegsmarine
Variants:
Blücher
Admiral Hipper
Prinz Eugen
Seydlitz
Lützow

Other: Heavy cruisers
Articles:

History

The Blücher was an Admiral Hipper-class heavy cruiser. The Kriegsmarine's latest ship at the beginning of World War II, having been in commission for slightly over six months, she was sank by the Norwegian coastal defences at the Battle of Drøbak Sound on April 9, 1940, the primary day of the invasion of Norway (Operation Weserübung). The Hipper class were constructed to a design that ridiculed the Washington Naval Treaty, to which major maritime nations were signed on to, in addition to the Treaty of Versailles, which limited German naval development. Even today, the wreck is still loosing oil and endangers the environment of the Oslo Fjord.

Career

20 September 1939
The Blücher is commissioned

8 April 1940
The Blücher takes part in operation Weserübung (Invasion of Denmark and Norway) along with Lützow, Emden light cruiser, the torpedo boats Möwe, Kondor and Albatros and the 1st R-Flottilla, The Blücher had 1,000 troops onboard ready for the invasion of Oslo.

9 April 1940
At 5.20 am the lead ship Blücher enters the Dröbak Narrows, The defenders at Oscarsborg Fortress open fire with its 28 cm guns. The Blücher superstructure is heavily damaged and fire starts to spread. But the fetal blow comes from two hits by Norwegian torpedo batteries the ship sinks at 7:23 am.

Commanders

Sorry no image availableHeinrich Woldag
Takes command on 20 September 1939
Ends command on 9 April 1940


Gallery

Blücher picture 2
Blücher picture 3

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Comments

by Thore Thoresen 12/10/2010

I remember the sinking of Bluecher on April 9 1940. The ship passed by my hometown Horten on the way to Oslo before running into the fortress at Oscarsborg 40 miles farther North. I was 7 at the time.

Sources

German Warships, 1815-1945: Major Surface Vessels.
ISBN-10: 0851775330

German Warships, 1815-1945: U-boats and Mine Warfare Vessels.
ISBN-10: 155750301X

German warships of the Second World War.
ISBN-10: 0668040378

For a complete list of sources
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