The R-boats or Räumboote in German were a group of General
purpose motor launches built for the Kriegsmarine throughout
World War II.
The Kriegsmarine used them in every theatre of war throughout
the world. These boats had many uses including convoy escort,
coastal patrol, minesweeping, minelaying and the rescue of
air crews. These vessels were manufactured at the following
Lürssen Werft GmbH & Co
The surviving R-boats, of which there were approximately 140,
ended up being distributed amongst the allies. Some were used
by the United
States Labour Service
mine sweeping Administration
(GMSA) and the German
Mine Sweeping Formation Cuxhaven
(MRVC) to clear mines.
Twenty four boats were transferred back to the post-war German
Federal Navy (Bundesmarine) in 1956.
They saw service right into the late 1960's. For extra maneuverability,
the use of Voith Schneider Propellers was used on some boats.
German Warships, 1815-1945: Major Surface Vessels.
German Warships, 1815-1945: U-boats and Mine Warfare Vessels.
German warships of the Second World War.
For a complete list of sources