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Blohm & Voss Bv 246

Anti-ship Missiles




Blohm & Voss Bv 246 Anti-ship Missiles

Service Data

In Service:

Production Data

First Flight:
Manufacturer: Blohm & Voss
Number built: 1,100

Technical Data

Type: Anti-ship Missiles

Guidance system: Radieschen homing guidance
Length: 3.53 m
Wingspan: 6.4 m
Diameter: 0.542 m
Weight: 730 kg
Engine: 1 ×
Maximum speed: 450 km/h
Range: 210 km
Warhead: 435 kg
Fuze:
Launch Platform: He 111, Fw 190
Operators: Luftwaffe
Variants:

Other: Missiles
Articles:

History

The Blohm & Voss Bv 246 Hagelkorn (Hailstone) originally known as Bv 226. Designed and developed by Blohm & Voss in 1943 under the leadership of Dr.-Ing. Richard Vogt.

The designation was changed to Bv 246 on 12 December 1943, when production was started. The main idea for Bv 246 was to attack targets from the air at a greater distance than the defending anti-aircraft guns, allowing the bomb to glide to its target and allowing the carrier aircraft to escape.
The Bv 246 had a clean cigar shaped fuselage and a cruciform tail in early versions and a double ventral tail mounted on the sides of a wide horizontal stabiliser. In later versions. The wings were constructed of diecast concrete aerofoils with a steel core. Although the concrete wings made the Bv 246 Hagelkorn extremely heavy, it did manage a very acceptable glide angle of 25:1, allowing it a range of 210 km if dropped from 10,500 m.

The Bv 246 was originally meant to be guided by a radiolink from the carrier aircraft such as the He 111, Fw 190 and Ju 88 but the British had began successfully countering German radio navigational aids and so the project was officially cancelled on the 26 February 1944, mainly due to re-emphasising priorities within the German missile programme.
However in 1945. There was renewed interest in the Bv 246 when it was used in tests with a Radieschen (Radish) which was designed by Dr.-Ing. Kleinwächter. Ultrashort wave, passive homing device, which would allow it to home in on enemy radar systems.
The Bv 246 had to be modified to fit the Radieschen into the nose compartment, and acted on gyroscopic autopilot for the rudders and elevator. Ten Bv 246 were fitted with Radieschen system and thoroughly tested out at Unterlüss artillery range, of the ten only two managed to reach their target. The eight failures were due to the gyroscopic autopilot, which was still under development. However the two that did make it were extremely accurate. Even though 1,100 Bv 246 have been produced none ever made operational use. The Blohm & Voss team were involved in a number projects similar to the Bv 246 like the Bv 143

Gallery

Blohm & Voss Bv 246 Anti-ship Missiles picture 2
Blohm & Voss Bv 246 Anti-ship Missiles picture 3
Blohm & Voss Bv 226 Anti-ship Missiles picture 4

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Sources

The Warplanes of the Third Reich.
ISBN-10: 0385057822

German Aircraft of the Second World War.
ISBN-10: 0370000242

Hitler's Luftwaffe.
ISBN-10: 051718771X

For a complete list of sources
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