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Enzian

Surface-to-Air Missile




Enzian Surface-to-Air Missile

Service Data

In Service:

Production Data

First Flight: August 1944
Manufacturer: Messerschmitt
Number built: 60

Technical Data

Type: Surface-to-Air Missile

Guidance system: radio controlled
Length: 4.10 m
Wingspan: 4.05 m
Diameter: 0.88 m
Weight: 1,800 kg
Engine: 1 × Konrad rocket engine 4 × Schmidding 109-533 solid fuel rocket engine producing up to 250 kg of thrust each
Maximum speed: km/h
Range: 25 km
Warhead: 500 kg
Fuze:
Launch Platform: Mobile
Operators: Luftwaffe
Variants:
E1 1 × Walter HWK 109-509A-1 liquid fuel bipropellant rocket engine producing up to 1,500 kg of thrust
E2 1 × Walter HWK 109-509A-1 liquid fuel bipropellant rocket engine producing up to 1,500 kg of thrust
E3 1 × Walter HWK 109-509A-1 liquid fuel bipropellant rocket engine producing up to 1,500 kg of thrust
E4 1 × Konrad rocket engine
E5 1 × Konrad rocket engine

Other: Missiles
Articles:

History

The Messerschmitt Enzian was a subsonic ground to air missile designed and developed by Messerschmitt AG in 1944 under the leadership of Dr.-Ing. Hermann Wurster. The Enzian was based on similar aerodynamic principles as the Me 163 interceptor fighter.

The Enzian had a stocky body, with short wings and back fins the hull was made of moulded plywood, the design was made of as much wood as possible to conserve as much strategic material as possible due to the deteriorating war situation. The first Enzian experimental models E-1, E-2, and E-3 used the same rocket engine as Me 163 a 1 × Walter HWK 109-509A-1 liquid fuel bipropellant rocket engine producing up to 1,500 kg of thrust the later models used 1 × Konrad rocket engine 4 × Schmidding 109-533 solid fuel rocket engine producing up to 250 kg of thrust each, the launch platform was a modified 8.8 cm Flak carriage.
In the first phase of flight the missile was controlled by radiolink Kehl-Straßburg (designed and developed by Telefunken) the final approach was controlled by either infrared guidance system Madrid (designed and developed Kepka), or an acoustic seeker (designed and developed by Telefunken and Messerschmitt).

Gallery

Enzian Surface-to-Air Missile picture 2

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Sources

The Warplanes of the Third Reich.
ISBN-10: 0385057822

German Aircraft of the Second World War.
ISBN-10: 0370000242

Hitler's Luftwaffe.
ISBN-10: 051718771X

For a complete list of sources
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