1944 to 1945
28 October 1942
Air-to-Surface Manned Missile
1 × Argus
pulse jet engine producing up to 300 kg of
850 kg Amatol 39
Launch Platform: He
Fieseler Fi 103
Fieseler Fi 103R
The Fieseler Fi 103R (Reichenberg) was World War 2 piloted
version of the V-1 flying bomb these were intended to be suicide
missions. The idea came from Hanna
, world famous woman pilot and Otto
, although this idea was scorned upon. It was
still pursued and various aircraft types were considered for
possible adaption as piloted missiles, but it was decided
to convert Fieseler Fi 103 to a piloted version.
The operational model was the Reichenberg IV and its conversion
from the standard V-1
was extremely simple. The basic Fieseler Fi
103 fuselage was divided into six compartments, housing. The
magnetic compass, the explosive warhead. The fuel tank, two
circular compressed air bottles, and the autopilot and the
height and range setting controls and Servo mechanisms controlling
the rudder and the elevators. The conversion to Reichenberg
IV included the putting in a small cockpit in front of the
engine. The instrument panel comprised of an arming switch,
a clock and air speed indicator and altimeter and a turn and
blank indicator, gyrocompass, flight controls were of the
conventional stick and rudder bar type, and the pilot was
accommodated by a plywood bucket seat with padded headrest.
A single piece hood, which incorporated an armoured glass
windscreen. The cockpit occupied the space taken in the pilotless
version by the compressed air bottles, and the piloted version
was provided with only one compressed air bottle. This being
housed in the aft compartment normally occupied by the missiles
The Reichenberg IV was intended to be carried to the operational
area beneath an He
bomber, in theory, the pilot was intended to jettison
the cockpit canopy, and then bale out after aiming is aircraft
at the target, but it was calculated that his chance of survival
was little better than one in a hundred. To release the canopy.
It was necessary to operate a lever on the port side of the
cockpit, at the estimated approach speed 645 km/h. This method
of jettisoning the canopy would prove impractical.
The training for the Reichenberg IV was carried out by KG
200. In any event, after Werner
took over command of KG 200 and in October 1944.
A the entire programme was dropped in total. 175 Fieseler
Fi 103 missiles had been converted other Reichenberg program,
but none had been used operationally.
The Warplanes of the Third Reich.
German Aircraft of the Second World War.
For a complete list of sources