Wehrmacht History 1935 to 1945


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R4M Orkan

Air-to-Air Missile

R4M Orkan Air-to-Air Missiles

Service Data

In Service: April 1945 to 1945

Production Data

First Flight:
Manufacturer: DWM, Heber AG
Number built: 12,000

Technical Data

Type: Air-to-Air Missiles

Guidance system:
Length: m
Wingspan: m
Diameter: 0.055 m
Weight: 4 kg
Engine: 1 × rocket engine
Maximum speed: 900 km/h
Range: 1,800 m
Warhead: 0.5 kg
Launch Platform: Me 262, Me 163, Ba 349
Operators: Luftwaffe

Other: Missiles


The R4M Orkan Bordrakete (Typhoon or Hurricane) was a air to air missile. Designed and developed by DWM and Heber AG in 1944.

The R4M Orkan Bordrakete (Typhoon or Hurricane) was a 55 mm calibre rocket propelled unguided folding fin air to air missile system design work was begun by DWM at the request of Kurt Heber this missile was designed as simply as possible so it could be produced in huge quantities. The missiles make up is as follows, nose impact fuse, an HA 41 warhead, solid fuel rocket motor. The R4M was then mounted as auxiliary armament beneath the wings of the carrier aircraft as a wooden rack in multiples of six or 12 fitted to each wing. And was fired at intervals 0.07 seconds at a distance of 1,000 m its dispersion covered an area of 15 m high by 30 m wide, once launched the individual fins on the R4M missiles automatically opened.

Only a small number of aircraft were fitted with R4M Me 262, Me 163, Ba 349 when used operationally, this weapon achieved remarkable results in March 1945 six Me 262 armed with the R4M missile system, flying out from Oberammergau intercepted an enemy bomber formation and reportedly shot down 14 B-17s. In another mission in April 1945 Me 262 armed with the R4M missile system were reported to have shot down thirty B-17s at a cost of three Me 262.


R4M Orkan Air-to-Air Missiles Me 262A picture 2
R4M Orkan Air-to-Air Missiles Me 262A picture 3
R4M Orkan Air-to-Air Missiles Ba-349 picture 4
R4M Orkan Air-to-Air Missiles picture 5
R4M Orkan Air-to-Air Missiles picture 6

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The Warplanes of the Third Reich.
ISBN-10: 0385057822

German Aircraft of the Second World War.
ISBN-10: 0370000242

Hitler's Luftwaffe.
ISBN-10: 051718771X

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