Wehrmacht History 1935 to 1945


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Surface-to-Air Missile

Rheintochter Surface-to-Air Missile

Service Data

In Service:

Production Data

First Flight: August 1943
Manufacturer: Rheinmetall-Borsig
Number built:

Technical Data

Type: Surface-to-Air Missile

Guidance system: multiple systems
Length: 6.30 m
Wingspan: 2.75 m
Diameter: 0.54 m
Weight: kg
Engine: 1 × RI 2 stage solid fuel rocket engine or 1 × RIII liquid fuel rocket engine solid fuel rocket boosters
Maximum speed: 1,080 km/h
Range: km
Warhead: 25 kg
Fuze: acoustic proximity
Launch Platform: Moblie
Operators: Luftwaffe

Other: Missiles


The Rheinmetall Borsig Rheintochter (Rhine Maiden) was surface to air missile Designed and developed by Rheinmetall Borsig AG in 1942.

The Rheinmetall Borsig Rheintochter (Rhine Maiden) was a two-stage surface-to-air missile, which was designed to help strengthen the German anti-flak batteries due to the ever increasing effects of Allied bombing. The Rheintochter had a cylindrical body tapering into a pointed nose, where four small rounded steering fins were located and operated by internal servo's at the end of the second stage. There were six large swept back fins. And at the end of the first stage there were four large swept back fins. Power was supplied in the form of a solid fuel rocket, and later replaced with a liquid fuel rocket motor. The Rheintochter was launched a modified 8.8 cm Flak carriage.
By July 1944. Only 34 R-I models had been launched. And only 45. R-I had been launched by September 1944. Altogether 82 examples of the R-I had been launched of which only 22 carried full guidance equipment, however, the performance of this missile was rather disappointing, although the missile had similar range to that of Enzian (Gentian) and Hs 117 Schmetterling (Butterfly) it only managed to achieve half their altitude. And so all further development of the R-I was cancelled. In December 1944

The R-III was an improved version, which utilised a rocket motor designed by Dr Walter Konrad and was of similar layout to the motor used in the Feuerlile F-55 though it had a much lower thrust. But burnt for a much longer period. By December 1944 six R-III missiles had been launched. However, the entire programme was cancelled in favour of more advanced missile projects already on the go.

Although the Rheintochter never became operational this missile became a testbed for many different forms of guidance systems.


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The Warplanes of the Third Reich.
ISBN-10: 0385057822

German Aircraft of the Second World War.
ISBN-10: 0370000242

Hitler's Luftwaffe.
ISBN-10: 051718771X

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