Wehrmacht History 1935 to 1945

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Taifun

Surface-to-Air Missile




Taifun Surface-to-Air Missile

Service Data

In Service:

Production Data

First Flight: 1944
Manufacturer: EMW
Number built: 600

Technical Data

Type: Surface-to-Air Missile

Guidance system: unguided
Length: 0.189 m
Wingspan: 0.024 m
Diameter: 0.100 m
Weight: 19 kg
Engine: 1 × liquid fueled rocket motor
Maximum speed: 3,600 km/h
Range: 15 km
Warhead: 2 kg
Fuze: impact fuse
Launch Platform: Mobile
Operators: Luftwaffe
Variants:
EMW Taifun
EMW Taifun F

Other: Missiles
Articles:

History

The EMW Taifun (Typhoon) was a surface-to-air missile. Designed and developed by Elektro Mechanische Werke in 1944 under the leadership of Dipl.-Ing. Klaus Heinrich Scheufelen.

The EMW Taifun (Typhoon).This weapon was intended to be deployed against Allied bomber formations. Dipl.-Ing. Klaus Heinrich Scheufelen had been experimenting with EMW Wasserfall (Waterfall) surface-to-air missile system.

The EMW Taifun (Typhoon) was a cylindrical shaped missile with four stabilising tailfins, the rocket motor used was 1 × liquid fueled rocket motor, which was fired from a modified 8.8 cm Flak carriage which would hold up to 30 missiles, there was no electronic control. It was basically pointed and aimed by the operator. destination was achieved by several types of contact fuses, the first type was armed simply by acceleration in the same manner as a gun shell, the second type was far more ingenious, a condenser was charged by the ionisation of the gas stream and fired the fuse by discharging through a nose rod contacting the target.

The EMW Taifun F was the production version and over 600 missiles were completed during January 1945, however production was interrupted when EMW relocated to Mittelwerke in Nordhausen. The EMW Taifun F was not used operationally.

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Sources

The Warplanes of the Third Reich.
ISBN-10: 0385057822

German Aircraft of the Second World War.
ISBN-10: 0370000242

Hitler's Luftwaffe.
ISBN-10: 051718771X

For a complete list of sources
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