Wehrmacht History 1935 to 1945

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January 1935

WWII Timeline




Events On This Day

Werner Mölders began receiving fighter pilot instructions on 1 January 1935 at the flying school in Tutow, Germany and the Jagdfliegerschule near Munich, Germany.

Wilhelm Canaris was appointed head of the German Abwehr (Military Intelligence Department) on 1 January 1935.

Z3 Max Schulz Destroyer
Laid down 2 January 1935

On 3 January 1935, Ethiopia appealed to the League of Nations for arbitration in the Walwal incident. But the League's response was inconclusive. The following analysis of an Arbitration Committee belonging to League of Nations absolved both parties from any charge. Shortly after Ethiopia's initial appeal, Minister of Foreign Affairs Pierre Laval of France and Foreign Secretary Samuel Hoare met with Italian dictator Benito Mussolini in Rome.

Z4 Richard Beitzen Destroyer
Laid down 7 January 1935

A meeting between Pierre Laval and Benito Mussolini on 7 January 1935 resulted in the Franco–Italian Agreement. This treaty gave Italy parts of French Somaliland, redefined the official status of Italians in French held Tunisia, and essentially gave the Italians a free hand in dealing with Ethiopia. In exchange for this, France hoped for Italian support against German aggression.

A plebiscite was held in the territory on 13 January 1935. With Adolf Hitler anxious for the propaganda advantages of the return of the Saar to Germany, Joseph Goebbels designed a concerted campaign to sway voters. The support of the local Catholic authorities for a return also helped, as did concerns about Bolshevism, against which Adolf Hitler was seen as a bulwark. With a voter participation of 98%, the result of the plebiscite was that the overwhelming majority, 90.8%, voted to return to Germany, with only 8.8% wanting to retain the status quo, principally as they did not wish to be ruled by National Socialists. A third option of joining France received 0.4% of the vote.

On January 25, five Italian askaris were killed by Ethiopian forces near Walwal.

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Z3 Max Schulz Destroyer

Z4 Richard Beitzen Destroyer

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Sources

The Second Great War.
Edited by Sir John Hamilton

The War Illustrated.
Edited by Sir John Hamilton

2194 Days Of War.
ISBN-10: 086136614X

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