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12th November 1942

WWII Timeline




Events On This Day

North Africa. British and United States of America paratroops captured aerodrome at Bone. Tunis airfield raided by Allied aircraft.

In Libya. Allied fighters strafed enemy columns West of Tobruk, six troop carriers full of Wehrmacht troops shot down.

Russian Front. Fresh Wehrmacht ground forces continued the assault on Stalingrad resulted in slight advance against Russian defenders.

In Australasia. Naval engagement on the Solomons began on night 11-12 November 1942.

Germans announced that Toulon would not be occupied.

Twelfth Air Force. Fighters fly patrols over wide area around Oran and escort C-47 Skytrain transport aircraft which drop United States paratroops at Duzerville airfield Southeast of Bone. Duzerville airfield is bombed by Axis aircraft luring 12-13 November 1942.

Ninth Air Force. United States Army, Middle East Air Forces (USAMEAF) is dissolved and replaced by Ninth Air Force, commanded by General Brereton. Major components are, IX Bomber Command (General Timberlake), IX Fighter Command (Colonel John C Kilborn), and IX Air Service Command (General Adler). 79th Fighter group begins arriving in Egypt from United States.

Fifth Air Force. United States Army Air Force (USAAF) B-17 Flying Fortress heavy bombers bomb shipping at Tonolai harbour. 3d Battalion of 126th Infantry, United States 32d Division, is airlifted from Port Moresby to Pongani. The troops immediately start overland toward Natunga. 2d Battalion, flown in earlier, reaches Bofu.

South Pacific (SOPAC). 11 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) transports carrying 13,500 troops and supported by a force of cruisers and 2 battleships (Kirishima and Hiei) leave Shortland Island area and head for Guadalcanal. During the afternoon the reconnaissance value and defensive capability of the B-17 Flying Fortress heavy bombers are ably demonstrated when a single heavy bomber sights a carrier 350 miles off Guadalcanal and maintains contact for 2 hours before returning to base with claims of 6 Zeros shot down. Naval Battle of Guadalcanal (12-15 November 1942) opens as Japanese aircraft attack transports unloading troops in Lunga Roads. First 12 P-38 Lightning fighters of 339th Fighter Squadron, as well as Marine and Navy aeroplanes, are moved from Tontouta and Espiritu Santo to Henderson Field to bolster defences of Guadalcanal.

Eleventh Air Force. United States Army Air Force (USAAF) Bombers are on alert at Umnak and Adak to attack any reported naval targets. Intermittent fighters patrols fly over Adak.

Zone of Interior. Army Air Force School of Applied Tactics is established at Orlando Army Air Base.

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Sources

The Second Great War.
Edited by Sir John Hamilton

The War Illustrated.
Edited by Sir John Hamilton

2194 Days Of War.
ISBN-10: 086136614X

For a complete list of sources
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