United States of America. Navy Department. Announced that aircraft-carrier USS
Wasp was sunk by torpedo on 15
While in operations off Guadalcanal in the Solomon Islands,
the Japanese submarine I-19 scored three hits on the carrier.
Front. The Wehrmacht ground forces drove wedge into Stalingrad defences, but were
forced to withdraw after five hours fighting. In the Caucasus, Army Group A takes
In Africa. Fighting keeps going all along the front, particularly
grievous in the gap opened in the Afrika Corps line by the British around Kidney
Ridge. The Australian 9th Division launches its attack in the north the switch
forces the Afrika Corps to move their military reserve some way to the north.
Nevertheless, the British action has slowed down substantially compared with the
first days. Bernard Law Montgomery summons his generals and advocates them to
restart the advance with the determination of the first few hours. In the capital
of the United Kingdom they are awaiting for decisive news, which does not arrive,
Sir Winston Leonard Spenser Churchill is enraged, and is said to have called out,
Is it really impossible to find a general who can win a battle. Field Marshal
gets back to his military headquarters. Field Marshal Erwin
ascertains immediately how dangerous the situation is and organises
countermeasures. The first priority is to move the 21. Panzer-Division from the
southern sector to the northern.
In China. United States of America
air force bombers again raided Hong Kong.
In Australasia. In sea and
air battle off Solomon islands, 2 Japanese aircraft carriers, 2 battleships and
3 cruisers were damaged and 100 aircraft destroyed United States of America destroyer
Porter and aircraft-carrier sunk.
United States Army, Middle East Air
Forces (USAMEAF). Momentum of British drive decreases in El Alamein battle. 30
Corps takes Kidney Ridge, and General Montgomery decides to regroup for a break
out assault. Allied aircraft continue strong support to ground forces and disperse
enemy concentrations preparing for attack. B-25 Mitchell medium bombers hit transport,
troop concentrations, and tanks. P-40 fighters fly sweeps over El Daba area and
attack motor transport and other targets. Enemy air action increases and considerable
aerial combat ensues. United States fighters claim 4 aeroplanes shot down. More
than 30 B-17 Flying Fortress heavy bombers and B-24 Liberator heavy bombers attack
shipping off coast of Libya.
Tenth Air Force. Japanese again hit airfields
in Assam connected with India-China transport route, concentrating on Sookerating.
A freight depot, containing food and medical supplies for China, is destroyed
but no United States aeroplanes are lost. Due to lack of warning, no fighters
intercept the attacking force. Chine Air Task Force (CATF) medium bombers move
to West China to carry out naturalisation of Lashio, whether the Japanese have
aircraft they are using against the Dinjan area. P-40 fighters continue to hit
Hong Kong-Canton area, using dive bombing tactics for first time in the area.
Fifth Air Force. United States Army Air Force (USAAF) B-25 Mitchell medium
bombers hit Salamaua and airfield at Lae. A-20 Havoc light bombers, escorted by
P-40 fighters, bomb and strafe trails in Missima-Kaile-Deniki area.
South Pacific (SOPAC). Carrier aircraft from the USS Hornet a Enterprise fight
fierce air action with Task Force in Rattle of Santa Cruz Island. B-17 Flying
Fortress heavy bombers also attack the Task Force but report no hits. With 3 of
his carriers hit and almost 100 aeroplanes lost, Vice Admiral Nagumo retires toward
Truk. USS Hornet is severely damaged a is sunk the following day by Japanese aircraft
and destroyer with bombs and torpedoes. M362
Commissioned 26 October 1942 M413
Launched 26 October 1942 Go To: 27th
Edited by Sir John Hamilton
The War Illustrated.
by Sir John Hamilton
2194 Days Of War.
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