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30th August 1942

WWII Timeline




Events On This Day

In Africa. Field Marshal Erwin Rommel launches an attack along the whole of the EL. Alamein front. The battle of Alam el Halfa has begun, so called because the main fighting is around the ridge of that name Southeast of El Alamein. Erwin Rommel's plan is for diversionary attacks against the enemy XXX Corps on the left, towards El Alamein, by the German 164. Division and the Italian Trento and Bologna divisions, the main attack will then be delivered against the British XIII Corps in the southern sector of the German line, by the 90th light division, the Italian motorised corps (with the Ariete and Littorio divisions) the Folgore division and the reconnaissance group. Erwin Rommel's intention is to turn the British position is from the South, then moved east from Alam el Halfa Ridge and surround the whole of the British eighth Army. What makes Erwin Rommel's offensive necessary at this moment is the realisation that the rebuilding and redeployment of General Alexander's forces can only improve with time. Erwin Rommel declares, the decision to attack today is the most serious I have taken in my life. Either we reach the Suez Canal now, or else.

Guadalcanal 12 dive bombers and 18 fighters arrived to strengthen the American air force on Henderson fields. Japanese dive bombers attack and sink the fast American transport USS Colhoun off the coast.

New Guinea. In the evening the Japanese attack at Milne Bay and sees a landing strip. Next morning they are driven back after bloody fighting Inland they are still advancing towards Port Moresby

United States Army, Middle East Air Forces (USAMEAF). United States Army Air Force (USAAF) B-24 Liberator heavy bombers bomb docks and jetties in Tobruk Harbour.

Tenth Air Force. Myitkyina, northern most Japanese supply depot and airfield in Burma, from which fighters could hit Dinjan (terminus of Assam-Burma Ferry), is bombed for first time by 8 China based B-25 Mitchell medium bombers .

Fifth Air Force. United States Army Air Force (USAAF) B-17 Flying Fortress heavy bombers attack shipping in Saint George Channel.

Eleventh Air Force. United States troops occupy Kuluk Bay, amidst a terrific storm and start building a runway. 5 B-24 Liberator heavy bombers photograph Kiska but do not bomb due to overcast, and then fly patrol and photo reconnaissance over Amchitka and Tanaga. P-38 Lightning fighters fly patrol between Great Sitkin and Little Tanaga.

R109 R-boat
Launched 30 August 1942

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Sources

The Second Great War.
Edited by Sir John Hamilton

The War Illustrated.
Edited by Sir John Hamilton

2194 Days Of War.
ISBN-10: 086136614X

For a complete list of sources
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