How do matters stand now? Taking it all in all, are our chances
of survival better or are they worse than in August. 1941?
How is it with the British Empire or Commonwealth of Nations
? Are we up or down ?. The First and greatest of events is
that the United States is now United and whole heartedly in
the war with us. When I survey and compute the power of the
United States and its vast resources and feel that they are
now in it with us, with the British Commonwealth of Nations
all together, however long it lasts, till death or victory,
I cannot believe there is any other fact in the whole world
which can compare with that. That is what I have dreamed of,
aimed at and worked for, and now it has come to pass.
But there is another fact, in some ways more immediately effective.
The Russian armies have not been defeated, they have not been
torn to pieces. The Russian people have not been conquered
or destroyed. Leningrad and Moscow have not been taken., The
Russian armies are in the field. They are not holding the
line of the Urals or the line of the Volga. They are advancing
victoriously, driving the foul invader from that native soil
they have guarded so bravely and love so well. More than that
: for the first time they have broken the Adolf
legend. Instead of the easy victories and abundant
booty which he and his hordes had gathered in the West, he
has found in Russia so far only disaster, failure, the shame
of unspeakable crimes, the slaughter or loss of vast numbers
of German soldiers, and the icy wind that blows across the
Here, then, are two tremendous fundamental facts which will
in the end dominate the world situation and make victory possible
in a form never possible before. But there is another heavy
and terrible side to the account, and this must be set in
the balance against these inestimable gains. Japan has plunged
into the war and is ravaging the beautiful, fertile, prosperous,
and densely populated lands of the Far East. Tonight the Japanese
are triumphant. They shout their exultation round the world.
We suffer. We are taken aback. We are hard pressed. But I
am sure even in this dark hour that criminal madness will
be the verdict which history will pronounce upon the authors
of Japanese aggression, after the events of 1942 and 1943
have been inscribed upon its sombre pages.
No one must underrate any more the gravity and efficiency
of the Japanese war machine. Whether in the air or upon the
sea or man to man on land they have already proved themselves
to be formidable, deadly, and, I am sorry to say, barbarous
antagonists. This proves a hundred times over that there never
was the slightest chance, even though we had been much better
prepared in many ways than we were of our standing up toe
them alone while we had Nazi Germany at our throat and Facist
Italy at our belly. It proves something else. And this should
be a comfort and reassurance. We can now measure the wonderful
strength of the Chinese people who under Generalissimo Chiang
Kai-shek have single handed fought this hideous Japanese aggressor
for four and a half years and left him baffled and dismayed.
You know I have never prophesied to you or promised smooth
and easy things, and now all I have to offer is hard adverse
war for many months ahead. I must warn you, as I warned the
House of Commons before they gave. me their generous vote
of confidence a fortnight ago, that; many misfortunes, severe
torturing losses, remorseless and gnawing anxieties lie before
us. To our British folk these may seem even harder to bear
when they are at a great distance than; when the savage Hun
was shattering our cities and we all felt in the midst of
the battle V ourselves. But the same qualities which brought
us through the awful jeopardy of the summer of 1940 and its
long autumn and, winter bombardment from,the air, will bring
us through this other new ordeal, though it . may be more
costly and will certainly be longer. One fault, one crime,
and one crime only, can rob their united nations and the.
British people, upon whose constancy this grand alliance came
into being, of the victory upon which their lives and honour
depend. A weakening in our purpose and therefore in our unity
that is the mortal crime. Who ever is guilty of that crime
or of bringing it about in others, of him let it be said that
it were better for him that a millstone were hanged about
his neck and he were cast into the sea. Mr Winston Churchill
in his Singapore has fallen broadcast on Sunday, 15
The Second Great War.
Edited by Sir John Hamilton
The War Illustrated.
Edited by Sir John Hamilton
2194 Days Of War.
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