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1st August 1943

WWII Timeline




Events On This Day

In Sicily. Milazzo, Messina, Paterno, and Randazzo bombed. Allies opened general offensive along whole line.

In the Mediterranean. Cotrone in Italy heavily bombarded by Royal Navy British warships. Naples bombed.

Russian Front. Soviet troops continued advance on Orel.

Ploesti, Romanian oil centre, raided in daylight by more than 175 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) Liberators based on Middle East, nearly 300 tons of bombs dropped.

It was announced M. Feodor Gusef to succeed Ivan Mikhailovich Maisky as Soviet Ambassador to Britain. General Henri Giraud became Commander-In-Chief of united French armies, General Charles de Gaulle chairman of National Committee for political purposes.

Northwest African Air Forces (NAAF). During 31 July 1943 1 August 1943 Northwest African Strategic Air Force (NASAF) Wellingtons drop leaflets on Rome and Naples, and bomb Randazzo and Adrano. During following day, United States Army Air Force (USAAF) B-17 Flying Fortress heavy bombers bomb Capodichino airfields, and B-25 Mitchell medium bombers hit Milazzo. Northwest African Tactical Air Force (NATAF) light bombers and medium bombers hit Paterno, Randazzo, Adrano, Bronte, Santa Maria di Licondia, and motor transport in Orlando area. Northwest African Coastal Air Force (NACAF) Beaufighters score hits on shipping between Sardinia and Italy. United States ground forces advance East along coast of Sicily, approach Troina further inland, and begin movement to flank defences. British, to South penetrate into Regalbuto.

Ninth Air Force. United States Army Air Force (USAAF) 177 B-24 Liberator heavy bombers, of IX Bomber Command including heavy bombers on loan from Eighth Air Force are dispatched to bomb oil refineries at Ploesti and nearby Campina. The operation (TIDALWAVE) is costly, 54 planes and 532 airmen being lost, but damage to the targets is severe. More than 230 P-40 fighters, largest Ninth Air Force total to date, attack Adrano, area near Randazzo, Messina, Milazzo, Taormina, and shipping in Straits of Messina.

Tenth Air Force. United States Army Air Force (USAAF) 8 B-25 Mitchell medium bombers hit East approach of the road bridge at Shweli, damaging cable anchorages and pylons but leaving bridge usable.

Fifth Air Force. A lone United States Army Air Force (USAAF) B-24 Liberator heavy bomber bombs airfields at Lae.

Thirteenth Air Force. United States Army Air Force (USAAF) P-40 fighters and Navy aircraft again hit Munda, bombing antiaircraft positions, ammunition dumps, and other targets. 21 B-24 Liberator heavy bombers, 16 P-38 Lightning fighters, and P-40 fighters, and 30 plus Navy aeroplanes pound Kahili airfields, other P-40 fighters and 80 Navy aircraft hit shipping in nearby waters.

Eleventh Air Force. United States Army Air Force (USAAF) 7 B-24 Liberator heavy bombers bomb Kiska Main Camp area through overcast.

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Sources

The Second Great War.
Edited by Sir John Hamilton

The War Illustrated.
Edited by Sir John Hamilton

2194 Days Of War.
ISBN-10: 086136614X

For a complete list of sources
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