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23rd January 1943

WWII Timeline




Events On This Day

The British Admiralty announced the loss of the submarine HMS Traveller was reported overdue on 12 December 1942 and is presumed lost on Italian mines in her patrol area..

The British Royal Air Force (RAF) bombers carried out a raid on Lorient and West Germany by night.

In Libya. The British Eighth Army entered Tripoli.

Russian Front. Armavir, on main Caucasus rly to Rostov, captured by Soviet troops against extremely stiff opposition from the Wehrmacht ground forces.

In Australasia. United States Army Air Force (USAAF) and Naval forces bombarded Kolombangara Island, New Georgia. Japanese air force aircraft raided Port Moresby.

Eighth Air Force. 19 heavy bombers bomb port facilities and U-boat base at Brest while 35 attack the sub pens and supply shed at Lorient-Keroman. At Lorient, enemy fighters use new tactics of coordinated attacks in groups of 6 aircraft. 5 bombers are shot down.

Twelfth Air Force. United States Army Air Force (USAAF) B-17 Flying Fortress heavy bombers, in 2 forces, hit Bizerte naval base and shipping in the immediate area. Much damage is done to base facilities and 1 motor vessel is sunk. 75 to 100 fighters attack formations, and heavy bombers and escorting P-38 Lightning fighters claim 20 destroyed. B-26 Marauder medium bombers hit shipping off Northeast Tunisia, attacking several vessels and claiming 1 destroyed. Escorting fighters hit trucks and tanks near Enfidaville during return flight. A-20 Havoc light bombers, and escorting P-40 fighters, attack heavy gun battery, machine-gun nests, and 2 infantry company while supporting ground forces in battle area South of Ousseltia. Fighters of XII A Support Command destroy over 20 vehicles on Gabes-Ben Gardane highway.

Ninth Air Force. During 23-24 January 1943, B-24 Liberator heavy bombers bomb Palermo harbour. P-40 fighters fly cover and fighter-bomber missions during the day as Tripoli falls to General Montgomery's Eighth Army.

Fifth Air Force. United States Army Air Force (USAAF) B-17 Flying Fortress heavy bombers attack airfields at Rabaul and shipping off Cape Gazelle. B-25 Mitchell medium bombers pound supply dumps in terrace area of Lae. B-24 Liberator heavy bombers, operating individually, hit Madang and Finschhafen, and attack transports North of Rabaul and at Simpson Harbour.

Thirteenth Air Force. United States ground forces, aided by P-39 fighters and United States Marine Corps (USMC) fighter-bombers, have by this date pushed up Guadalcanal coast and taken Kokumbona and Poha River Valley. The enemy has now lost control of good landing beach West of the airfields. Captured with the beach are the artillery pieces that have menaced Henderson Field and ground forces in Mount Austen area. The enemy's supply routes, command systems, and ammunition dumps are also lost.

Seventh Air Force. 24 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) P-40 fighters of 78th Fighter Squadron fly from Barking Sands, Kauai, in the Hawaiian Islands to Midway (where they carry out patrols until 23 April 1943). This flight of about 1,100 nautical miles is the longest over-water massed flight of single-engine planes made as of this date. The 78th replaces the P-40 fighters of the 73d Fighter Squadron on Midway.

Eleventh Air Force. Weather reconnaissance over Kiska and search mission for missing B-24 Liberator heavy bombers reveal nothing. Enemy aeroplanes appear over Amchitka twice but inflict no damage. During 18-23 January 1943, a period of continuous storm and sudden changes to extreme foul weather, non-combat losses were exceptionally high as 13 aircraft were lost. No losses resulted from enemy action.

R44 R-boat
Sunk 23 January 1943

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Sources

The Second Great War.
Edited by Sir John Hamilton

The War Illustrated.
Edited by Sir John Hamilton

2194 Days Of War.
ISBN-10: 086136614X

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