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24th July 1943

WWII Timeline




Events On This Day

In Sicily. It was announced that Marsala was occupied. Taormina bombarded from the sea.

In the Mediterranean. Bologna in Italy bombed.

In Australasia. It was announced that Japanese 9,000-ton seaplane-carrier attempting to reach Buin (Solomons) sunk by Allied bombers.

Trondheim and Heroya bombed by United States Army Air Force (USAAF) Flying Fortresses heavy bombers in their first attack on Norway. 791 British Royal Air Force (RAF) Lancasters, Halifaxes, Stirlings, Wellingtons attacked Hamburg during the night in heaviest raid of the war to date, 2,300 tons of bombs dropped in 50 minutes, for the loss of 12 bombers.

Eighth Air Force. 167 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) heavy bombers execute very successful attack on nitrate works at Heroya. This is Eighth's first mission to Norway and its longest (1,900 mile round trip) to date. Work at the plant is disrupted for 3 1/2, months, and unfinished aluminium and magnesium plants are damaged and subsequently abandoned by the Germans. Naval installations at Trondheim also are hit. Crews successfully experiment with new assembly procedure for occasions when bad weather conditions prevent ascent in formation. Aircraft take off individually on instruments, proceed to designated splasher beacon for group formation, and then along line of 3 splasher beacons for force assembly. The method works well and makes possible many future missions which might otherwise have been abandoned.

Northwest African Air Forces (NAAF). Northwest African Strategic Air Force (NASAF) B-17 Flying Fortress heavy bombers and B-25 Mitchell medium bombers bomb Bologna railroad yards. B-26 Marauder medium bombers hit Paola railroad yards. Northwest African Tactical Air Force (NATAF) fighter-bombers hit barges, warships, and docks in Messina-Milazzo area and transport Northeast of Mount Etna. United States Seventh Army continues to mop up West part of Sicily. Further East, 45th Infantry Division takes Cefalu and Castelbuono while 1st Infantry Division seizes Gangi and heads toward Nicosia.

Ninth Air Force. United States Army Air Force (USAAF) P-40 fighters fly armed reconnaissance and fighter-bomber missions over Adrano and Milazzo areas. Attacks are concentrated against motor transport targets.

Fifth Air Force. United States Army Air Force (USAAF) B-25 Mitchell medium bombers bomb Lautem, Fuiloro, Koepang, Tenau, and airfield and surrounding areas at Lae, and attack barges in Wapelik and Cape Busching areas and villages on Itni River.

Thirteenth Air Force. 48 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) fighters join Navy and Marine dive bombers in support of ground forces in Bairoko area. Later in the day gun positions at Bibolo Hill near Munda are hit, along with other targets.

Seventh Air Force. 8 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) B-24 Liberator heavy bombers from Midway attack Wake, bombing oil storage, barracks, and a gun emplacement. 2030 Zeros attack the formation. 9 fighters are claimed destroyed. 1 heavy bomber is lost in collision with falling Japanese fighters.

Eleventh Air Force. 62 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) P-40 fighters fly 9 missions to Kiska (2 of them with Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF) pilots) bombing runway and scoring many hits. An antiaircraft battery takes a direct hit and explodes. Antiaircraft guns are strafed on North Head and Little Kiska. Intense antiaircraft fire downs 1 P-40.

R218 R-boat
Launched 24 July 1943

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Sources

The Second Great War.
Edited by Sir John Hamilton

The War Illustrated.
Edited by Sir John Hamilton

2194 Days Of War.
ISBN-10: 086136614X

For a complete list of sources
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