On 4 January
1944, Over 500 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) heavy bombers attack targets
in Germany with most of them bombing port area, Kriegsmarine U-boat yards, and
industrial area of Kiel. City of Munster 9 also attacked. United States aeroplanes
begin flying supplies from United Kingdom to underground resistance forces in
West Europe, this operation being coded CARPETBAGGER.
On 29 January 1944,
HMS Spartan is sunk by a Henschel
guided missile from a German aircraft off Anzio, western Italy.
On 31 January 1944, As United States Army and Marine troops land on Kwajalein,
under overall command of Admiral Spurance, Seventh Air Force hits other atolls
in the Marshalls. 19 A-24 Banshee dive bomber bomb Mille airfield, over which
P-39 fighters and P-40 fighters maintain all day cover and harassment. 9 P-40
fighters carry out strafing mission against Jaluit. During 31 January 1944 to
1 February 1944
, 8 B-24
Liberator heavy bombers, attacking at intervals, bomb Wotje. Hansa
Commissioned 12 February 1944
On 29 February 1944,
Allied amphibious forces land on Los Negros Island, temporarily taking Momote
airfield and then falling back to beachhead on Jamandilai Point. Weather prevents
full air support but 7 B-24 Liberator heavy bombers and 8 B-25 Mitchell medium
bombers manage to attack enemy positions and guns. Other B-24 Liberator heavy
bombers and A-20 Havoc light bombers hit Erima, Wewak, Tadji, Awar, and Hollandia.
Takes command of the Pocket Battleship Admiral
on 4 April 1944 to 9
On 28 April 1944, 116 United States Army Air Force (USAAF)
B-17 Flying Fortress heavy bombers bomb Avord airfield and 14 attack V-weapons
site at Sottevast. 34 P-38 Lightning fighters attack aircraft repair depot at
Tours while 49 P-38 Lightning fighters, followed by 32 P-47 Thunderbolt fighters
dive bombers, strike airfield at Chateaudun. Later during the day 47 B-24 Liberator
heavy bombers bomb V-weapon
at Marquise, Mimoyecques and 11 P-47 Thunderbolt fighters carrying fragmentation
bombs attack airfields Northeast of Paris. Wolf
Takes command of the battleship Tirpitz
on 1 May 1944 to 4 November 1944
On 9 May 1944, Russian Front. In the Ukrainian city of Sevastopol, Russian
ground forces completely drive out the Wehrmacht Armee, who had been ordered by
to fight to the last man.
On 4 June 1944, A United States Navy Task
Group 22.3 (TG 22.3) captures the Kriegsmarine U-boat U-505
and her code books, Enigma machine assisted Allied code breaking operations.
On 6 June 1944, Operation Overlord was the code name for the Battle of Normandy,
the operation that launched the invasion of Wehrmacht occupied western Europe
during World War II by Allied forces. The operation commenced on 6 June 1944 with
the Normandy landings (Operation Neptune, commonly known as D-Day). A 12,000 plane
airborne assault preceded an amphibious assault involving almost 7,000 vessels.
Nearly 160,000 troops crossed the English Channel on 6 June 1944 more than three
million troops were in France by the end of August. Falke
Sunk 15 June 1944 Jaguar
Sunk 15 June 1944 Möwe
Sunk 15 June 1944 Adolf
on 20 July 1944, survives an assassination attempt by Claus von Stauffenberg.
On 26 July 1944, The Messerschmitt
becomes the first jet fighter aircraft to have an operational victory
during the Second World War.
On 1 August 1944, The Warsaw Uprising begins.
On 23 August 1944, 150 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) fighter-bombers
bomb and strafe rail transportation from Saint-Omer to Reims. Over 80 bomb Hamm
marshalling yards and 9 others, and strafe miscellaneous ground and river targets.
On 8 September 1944, The first V-2
fired in combat explodes in Paris suburb, the second strikes a London
suburb a few hours later.
17 September 1944, Operation Market Garden,
United Kingdom-Union of Soviet Socialist Republics-Italy-United Kingdom shuttle
mission is completed as 72 B-17 Flying Fortress heavy bombers and 59 P-51 Mustang
fighter-bombers fly without bombs from Italy to United Kingdom. 2 B-17 Flying
Fortress heavy bombers and a P-51 Mustang fighter-bombers abort and a P-51 Mustang
fighter-bombers crash-lands South West of Paris. 70 B-17 Flying Fortress heavy
bombers and 57 P-51 Mustang fighter-bombers land safely in United Kingdom. Over
800 B-17 Flying Fortress heavy bombers escorted by 3 fighters groups bomb 117
flak batteries and installations and an airfield, all in the Netherlands. 16 fighters
groups escort aeroplanes of First Allied Airborne Army making parachute and glider
drop of 20,000 troops into the Netherlands to secure axis of advance toward Zuider
Zee for British Second Army, as part of MARKET-GARDEN, 17-30
September 1944. Troops dropped are I Airborne Corps, consisting of British 1st
Airborne Division (with Polish Parachute Brigade) and United States 82d and 101st
Airborne Division. The fighters groups also bomb and strafe flak positions and
other ground targets, encountering intense flak and about 30 fighters. 16 United
States fighters are lost. Claims include 8 aeroplanes and 107 flak positions destroyed.
On 9 October 1944, Fourth Moscow Conference, Mr Churchill and Mr Eden, with
Harriman, United States presidential representative, as observer, arrive in Moscow.
Polish Prime Minister arrives later. Talks with Soviets deal with spheres of influence,
the Balkans, and Poland's position. Erwin
commits suicide on 14 October 1944, rather than face execution for
allegedly conspiring against Adolf
Takes command of the battleship Tirpitz
on 4 November 1944 to 12 November
12 November 1944, 29 Saipan based United States Army Air Force
(USAAF) B-24 Liberator heavy bombers with P-38 Lightning fighters escort bomb
airfields on Iwo Jima. 11 P-47 Thunderbolt fighters strafe runway and storage
area on Pagan. During the night a B-24 Liberator heavy bombers on snooper mission
bombs Iwo Jima. B-24 Liberator heavy bombers from Angaur bomb Koror.
Sunk 12 November 1944 Schleswig
Scuttled 19 December 1944
On 16 December
1944, Bad weather cancels 9th Bomber Division combat operations. Fighters escort
The British Royal Air Force (RAF), fly night patrol and intercept missions, and
support United States First Army elements in Ardennes as German Field Marshall
begins all out counter offensive, and XII and XX Corps at Saarlautern
bridgehead and in Saint-Avold Saarbrucken area where news of Ardennes counteroffensive
cancels XII Corps plans for assault on Westwall. Köln
Commissioned 12 December 1944
On 31 December 1944,
Hungary declares war on Germany.
For a complete
list of sources