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12th August 1944

WWII Timeline




Events On This Day

Eighth Air Force. Shuttle bombing mission United Kingdom-USSR-Italy-United Kingdom is completed. Of 72 B-17 Flying Fortress heavy bombers taking off from Fifteenth Air Force bases in Italy, 3 have various problems. The others bomb Toulouse, Francazal airfields and then proceed to United Kingdom. 62 P-51 Mustang fighter-bombers (part of the shuttle-mission force) and 43 from United Kingdom provide escort. No aircraft are lost. 70 heavy bombers and 58 P-51 Mustang fighter-bombers land in United Kingdom. 5 heavy bombers and 6 P-51 Mustang fighter-bombers, either left in Italy or returning there during mission, subsequently return to United Kingdom. Over 500 other heavy bombers attack 7 airfields and marshalling yards in the Paris area. 6 fighters groups provide escort, 1 escorts Ninth Air Force medium bombers. 2 of the groups afterwards strafe transportation targets. In 2 operations nearly 900 fighter-bombers attack transportation targets in Northeast France, a large number of which are bombed with good results by over 700, at a loss of 13 fighters.

Ninth Air Force. IX Bomber Command light bombers and medium bombers attack Oissel rail bridge, Corbeil-Essonnes refuelling siding, and numerous points along highways in Argentan area with aim of bottling up enemy troops. Fighters fly ground forces cover and armed reconnaissance over wide areas of West and North France, also escort IX Bomber Command.

Twelfth Air Force. United States Army Air Force (USAAF) medium bombers, light bombers, and fighter-bombers attack targets, mainly gun positions, in battle area North of Arno River and in South France.

Fifteenth Air Force. Approximately 550 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) fighters escorted heavy bombers bomb gun positions in Savona, Genoa, Marseille, and Sete areas. 100 P-51 Mustang fighter-bombers strafe radar installations and other coast watching facilities along French South coast. These and Twelfth Air Force strikes are preparatory to DRAGOON.

Tenth Air Force. Nearly 20 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) fighter-bombers hit Shwekyina, damage bridge near Manla, bomb railroad yards at Pinwe, strafe river boat near Bhamo, and attack troops in Myothit area. 24 fighter-bombers support ground forces in Taungni Pinbaw area.

Fourteenth Air Force. 7 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) B-25 Mitchell medium bombers bomb railroad yards at Hengyang. 19 P-51 Mustang fighter-bombers and P-40 fighters hit targets in this area. 39 P-40 fighters attack various targets at Chiuchiang, Yungfengshih, Loyang, Siangtan, and Tengchung.

Far East Air Force (FEAF). Far East Air Force (FEAF) United States long-range reconnaissance is greatly increased thanks to strategic position of newly acquired Schouten Islands bases. B-24 Liberator heavy bombers pound airfield at Babo while B-25 Mitchell medium bombers and P-39 fighters hit Nabire airfield. Other P-39 fighters attack defences at Mansinam Island and shore concentrations along West Geelvink Bay. P-47 Thunderbolt fighters support ground operations in area of Sansapor Point by bombing Dore. A-20 Havoc light bombers and P-47 Thunderbolt fighters hit forces and targets in Sarmi area and along Metimedan River. A-20 Havoc light bombers and P-39 fighters attack troops at Haur, coastal targets in cooperation with torpedo boats boats, and fuel dumps at Boram.

Seventh Air Force. Saipan based United States Army Air Force (USAAF) B-24 Liberator heavy bombers hit shipping, seaplane base, and airfield at Chichi Jima, B-25 Mitchell medium bombers pound Pagan Island while P-47 Thunderbolt fighters hit Rota. B-24 Liberator heavy bombers from the Marshalls bomb Truk while Gilberts based B-25 Mitchell medium bombers pound Nauru.

Eleventh Air Force. 4 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) B-24 Liberator heavy bombers and 2 F-7A Tigercat fighter aircraft over Paramushiru and Shimushu hit targets which include shipping in Higashi Banjo Strait and buildings and runway on Suribachi. Enemy fighters give battle. The B-24 Liberator heavy bombers score 3 kills and 13 probables and damaged. 6 more medium bombers fly an uneventful shipping sweep and take photos over Shimushiru Island.

M370 Minesweeper
Sunk 12 August 1944

M468 Minesweeper
Sunk 12 August 1944

T34 Torpedo boat
Commissioned 12 August 1944

R15 R-boat
Sunk 12 August 1944

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Sources

The Second Great War.
Edited by Sir John Hamilton

The War Illustrated.
Edited by Sir John Hamilton

2194 Days Of War.
ISBN-10: 086136614X

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