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12th May 1944

WWII Timeline




Events On This Day

Eighth Air Force. 800 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) B-17 Flying Fortress heavy bombers and B-24 Liberator heavy bombers operating in 3 forces, bomb oil plants, other industrial targets, marshalling yards, airfields, and some unidentified targets at Merseburg, Lutzkendorf, Zeitz, Bohlen, Zwickau, Gera, Chemnitz, and Brux. An estimated 430 Luftwaffe fighters offer intense opposition. 46 heavy bombers are lost.

Ninth Air Force. IX Troop Carrier Command carries out EAGLE, a full scale exercise of the tactics and techniques of paratrooper drops, glider tow, paratroops in resupply, air landing of supplies, and medical evacuation as a dress rehearsal for the airborne invasion of Normandy. More than 450 medium bombers attack coastal defences, airfields, bridges, railroads and railroad guns, and V-weapon sites in France and Belgium. Thick haze impedes visibility and causes many aborts.

Twelfth Air Force. United States Army Air Force (USAAF) A-20 Havoc light bombers blast command posts along main battlefront as Allied ground forces seek to break through Gustav Line. Medium bombers hit concentration near Fondi, attack forces at Vallecorsa and Pastena, and bomb numerous positions along main front. Fighter-bombers pound command posts, guns, bridges, road and rail traffic, and troops along assault front and in rear areas, concentrating especially on the Monte Cassino Benedictine Abbey and surrounding area.

Fifteenth Air Force. Approximately 730 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) B-17 Flying Fortress heavy bombers and B-24 Liberator heavy bombers largest heavy bomber force used by Fifteenth Air Force on any day to this time attack German Headquarters at Massa d'Albe and Monte Soratte, town of Civitavecchia airfields at Tarquinia and in surrounding area marshalling yards at Chivasso, Piombino, Marina di Carrara, Viareggio, and Ferrara Orbetello Island, Piombino harbour, docks and command at San Stefano al Mare, harbour, marshalling yard, and railroad bridge at Chiavari, La Spezia marshalling yard and harbour, and several targets. 26 P-38 Lightning fighters strafe Piacenza airfield. Other fighters fly over 250 sorties in support of bombing missions.

Tenth Air Force. 24 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) A-31 Vengeance dive bomber's hit positions at Labawa and South Southeast of Maungdaw. 36 A-31 Vengeance dive bomber's hit villages around Bishenpur while 4 B-25 Mitchell medium bombers strike at Tiddim road North North West of Tonzang. 50 B-25 Mitchell medium bombers and fighter-bombers knock out railroad bridge at Pinbaw, pound gun positions and supply area at Myitkyina and hit defensive positions near Kazu Tiangsup. 4 B-25 Mitchell medium bombers damage Myothit bridge while 8 P-38 Lightning fighters bomb Kyaukye. 21 P-51 Mustang fighter-bombers hit airfields at Meiktila and Heho, claiming 8 interceptors downed. 4 B-25 Mitchell medium bombers knock out bridge at Daga while 2 others bomb camp at Taungbaw.

Fourteenth Air Force. 16 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) P-40 fighters and 11 B-25 Mitchell medium bombers hit several targets in South China and in Indochina. Military installations, artillery positions, and tank concentrations are pounded in Yoyang area, a bridge and several trucks are damaged at Sienning, a naval vessel is attacked at Hong Kong, a radio station on Cat Ba Island is bombed, and railroad yards, supply dump, and river junks are blasted in Phu Lang Thuong area.

Fifth Air Force. United States Army Air Force (USAAF) B-24 Liberator heavy bombers bomb Mokmer airfield and attack targets on Ceram, Amboina and Timor. A-20 Havoc light bombers, B-25 Mitchell medium bombers and fighter-bombers blast villages, coastal bridges and roads, vehicles, airstrip at Boram, and other targets throughout Wewak Hansa Bay region.

Thirteenth Air Force. 12 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) B-25 Mitchell medium bombers and 20 P-40 fighters and P-38 Lightning fighters pound Tobera airstrip and nearby personnel areas some of the B-25 Mitchell medium bombers returning from Tobera bomb Sohano Island. 12 P-39 fighters and about 70 Navy SBD Dauntless dive bomber and torpedo bombers sink numerous barges throughout Rabaul area, especially at Simpson Harbour and Keravia Bay. Gun positions in Matupi area are also attacked.

Seventh Air Force. 12 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) Makin based B-25 Mitchell medium bombers bomb Nauru. A single B-24 Liberator heavy bombers from Kwajalein bombs Jaluit.

Eleventh Air Force. 1 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) B-24 Liberator heavy bombers reconnoitre and bombs Matsuwa Island installations, concentrating on the airfield on Tagan Cape.

M372 Minesweeper
Sunk 12 May 1944

Feuerlilie F-50
was successfully launched from Greifswalder Oie island off Peenemüde.

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Feuerlilie F-50

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Sources

The Second Great War.
Edited by Sir John Hamilton

The War Illustrated.
Edited by Sir John Hamilton

2194 Days Of War.
ISBN-10: 086136614X

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