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12th October 1944

WWII Timeline




Events On This Day

Eighth Air Force. Almost 500 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) heavy bombers attack marshalling yard at Osnabruck, aircraft industries at Bremen, and targets including Diepholz airfield. 11 fighters groups escort heavy bombers, claiming 18 fighters downed.

Ninth Air Force. Ninth Air Force is delegated administrative in addition to operational control over XII Tactical Air Command hitherto assumed by United States Strategic Air Forces in Europe (USSTAF). Advanced Headquarters XIX Tactical Air Command arrives at Nancy, following the advance of United States Third Army. Almost 250 medium bombers and light bombers bomb Camp-de-Bitche military camp, rail bridges at Grevenbroich and Ahrweiler, city areas of Langerwehe, Aldenhoven, and Venraij, and various targets. Escorting fighters fly also armed reconnaissance and rail cutting in Dusseldorf, Aachen, and Belfort areas, and support VIII, XII, XV, and XX Corps in East France and West Germany.

Twelfth Air Force. United States Army Air Force (USAAF) medium bombers, supporting United States Fifth Army, attack command, supply dumps, and bivouac and barracks areas South of Bologna. Fighter-bombers and XII Fighter Command fighters, mainly in support of United States Fifth Army, blast supply dumps, gun positions, troop concentrations, and command in the high country South of Bologna while Desert Air Force (DAF) gives similar support to British Eighth Army in Rimini area.

Fifteenth Air Force. Approximately 700 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) heavy bombers, with fighters support, pound ammunition and fuel dumps and depots, bivouac area, barracks, vehicle repair shop, munitions factory and targets in Bologna area (Operation PANCAKE) supporting United States Fifth Army offensive in that sector. 160 P-51 Mustang fighter-bombers strafe mainline railroad and Danube River traffic in Vienna, Gyor, Budapest areas and strafe Seregelyes airfield, disrupting traffic and destroying many enemy aeroplanes.

Tenth Air Force. 18 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) P-47 Thunderbolt fighters bomb railroad targets in the Naba Mawlu rail corridor damaging a bridge approach, and strike troops and stores near Nayakaung. 12 other P-47 Thunderbolt fighters hit various targets at Pintha and Nyaunggon. 4 B-26 Marauder medium bombers knock out a bridge just North of Lashio. 3 others knock out bridge at Kawlin and damage tracks near Man Pwe bridge.

Fourteenth Air Force. 3 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) B-25 Mitchell medium bombers and 12 P-40 fighters hit Chefang storage area and bridge and general targets in Mangshih area. 40 P-40 fighters and P-51 Mustang fighter-bombers on armed reconnaissance covering wide areas of South China and extending into West Burma attack troop concentrations, river traffic, storage areas, and buildings in areas around Taochuan, Kweiping, Hsinganhsien, Yuncheng, Tanchuk, and Hsenwi.

Far East Air Force (FEAF). United States Army Air Force (USAAF) B-24 Liberator heavy bombers bomb Ambesia, Langoan, Mapanget, and Sidate airfields. B-25 Mitchell medium bombers, A-20 Havoc light bombers, and P-47 Thunderbolt fighters again pound airfields at Liang, Laha, Namlea, Kairatoe and Haroekoe, and town of Boela. P-38 Lightning fighters hit numerous targets on Halmahera Island. Fighter-bombers hit Manokwari and Urarom and A-20 Havoc light bombers bomb pillboxes in Sarmi area.

Twentieth Air Force. First United States Army Air Force (USAAF) B-29 Superfortress heavy bomber (Joltin' Josie, the Pacific Pioneer) arrives at Saipan, piloted by General Hansell, Commanding General XXI Bomber Command, for whom temporary Headquarters are set up on Saipan. Also the regular air echelon of 73d Bomber Wing arrives at Saipan on this date, followed during October 1944, and first week in November 1944, by 4 bomb groups and 4 air service groups. 313th Bomber Wing will be established in the theatre in December 1944, 314th in January 1945, 58th in March 1945, and 315th in April 1945. In March 1945 VII Fighter Command will be established at Iwo Jima from where some of its units escort B-29 Superfortress heavy bomber missions.

Seventh Air Force. United States Army Air Force (USAAF) B-24 Liberator heavy bombers from Saipan bomb harbour and shipping at Chichi Jima, shipping South of Haha Jima, antiaircraft positions on Marcus, and airfield area on Pagan. P-47 Thunderbolt fighters hit Pagan airfield area with bombs and rockets. B-24 Liberator heavy bombers from Kwajalein bomb Wake during 12-13 October 1944.

Eleventh Air Force. 3 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) B-24 Liberator heavy bombers hit airfields and shipping targets in the Matsuwa, Onnekotan area.

V-2 rocket launched against England, hit Walthamstow.

V-2 rocket launched against England, hit near Southend.

V-2 rocket launched against England, hit Ingworth, near Aylsham.

V-2 rocket launched against England, hit Rawreth, near Southend.

Go To: 13th October
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V-2 rocket

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Sources

The Second Great War.
Edited by Sir John Hamilton

The War Illustrated.
Edited by Sir John Hamilton

2194 Days Of War.
ISBN-10: 086136614X

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