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12th September 1944

WWII Timeline




Events On This Day

Eighth Air Force. Nearly 800 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) heavy bombers escorted by 15 fighters groups attack 4 synthetic oil plants, 2 oil refineries, an oil depot, an aero engine works, and numerous targets including several Central and North West German cities. 400 to 450 aircraft are encountered by the heavy bombers and fighters. Heavy bombers lose 45 of their number and claim destruction of 27 fighters. 13 P-51 Mustang fighter-bombers are lost. United States fighters claim 63 air victories plus 26 on the ground.

Ninth Air Force. United States Army Air Force (USAAF) medium bombers and light bombers hit Westwall fortifications, Sankt Wendel station where an armoured division and important technicians are to entrain, and fortifications around Nancy. Fighters continue ground support in French German border area. 400 transports complete supply and evacuation missions.

Twelfth Air Force. General Chidlaw assumes command of XII Fighter Command. B-26 Marauder medium bombers blast defended positions in Central battle sector of Gothic Line. B-25 Mitchell medium bombers pound Po River railroad bridges and attack guns and strong points in battle zone as enemy falls back to prepared Gothic Line defences and rapid Allied advance halts. Fighter-bombers strike at guns, troop concentrations, strong points, and flak positions in Genoa and Milan areas. France based fighter-bombers cut tracks in Belfort, Basel, and Freiburg areas.

Fifteenth Air Force. Almost 330 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) B-17 Flying Fortress heavy bombers and B-24 Liberator heavy bombers supported by P-38 Lightning fighters and P-51 Mustang fighter-bombers bomb Lechfeld airfield, Munich, Allach engine works, and Wasserburg jet aircraft factory. 50 B-24 Liberator heavy bombers fly supply mission to South France.

Tenth Air Force. 4 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) B-25 Mitchell medium bombers pound buildings in Katha area. 25 B-24 Liberator heavy bombers haul fuel to Kunming. 8 P-47 Thunderbolt fighters sweep river from Bhamo to Katha, 3 strafe official buildings at Bhamo, and 16 hit targets on Burma Road from Lungling to Wanling to Namhkam and blast gun positions North of Loiwing airfield.

Fourteenth Air Force. 10 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) B-25 Mitchell medium bombers and 6 P-40 fighters pound Lungling. 14 B-25 Mitchell medium bombers hit town area and destroy 2 bridges and damage another at Sungpai. 22 others bomb Kaochishih, Tunghsiangchiao, and area East of Kiyang. 27 P-51 Mustang fighter-bombers and P-40 fighters on armed reconnaissance over Hunan and other areas of inland Southeast China attack road and river traffic and general targets around Lingling, Hengyang, Kiyang, Yangtien, and Patpo. 15 P-40 fighters hit coastal and river shipping in South China and in Indochina on South China Sea, in Chikhom Bay, and along the Red River.

Far East Air Force (FEAF). United States Army Air Force (USAAF) B-24 Liberator heavy bombers pound 3 airfields in Menado area. B-24 Liberator heavy bombers and B-25 Mitchell medium bombers bomb Kaoe and Galela, airfields, and radar facilities on Morotai Island. B-24 Liberator heavy bombers hit Lautem. P-38 Lightning fighters dive-bomb Namlea runways while P-47 Thunderbolt fighters hit Boela. A-20 Havoc light bombers, B-25 Mitchell medium bombers, and fighter-bombers hit airfields, antiaircraft guns, and other targets at Babo, Mongosah, Manokwari, Sagan, Moemi, and Samate.

Seventh Air Force. United States Army Air Force (USAAF) P-47 Thunderbolt fighters from Saipan hit antiaircraft positions on Pagan with rocket and bombing attack. A lone B-24 Liberator heavy bombers on armed reconnaissance bombs building area on Marcus. B-25 Mitchell medium bombers from the Gilberts bomb Nauru.

Eleventh Air Force. 6 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) bombers fly a negative shipping sweep over Shimushu. 3 more attack Suribachi airfield and offshore shipping targets. 1 B-24 Liberator heavy bombers flies negative reconnaissance.

V-2 rocket launched against England, hit Kew Gardens.

V-2 rocket launched against England, hit Dagenham.

V-2 rocket launched against England, hit Keston, near Biggin hill.

V-2 rocket launched against England, hit Paglesham, near Rochford.

M426 Minesweeper
Sunk 12 September 1944

R178 R-boat
Sunk 12 September 1944

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V-2 rocket

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Sources

The Second Great War.
Edited by Sir John Hamilton

The War Illustrated.
Edited by Sir John Hamilton

2194 Days Of War.
ISBN-10: 086136614X

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