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13th April 1944

WWII Timeline




Events On This Day

Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force (SHAEF) General Eisenhower formally assumes direction of air operations out of United Kingdom at midnight (though he began informal exercise of this authority in late March). This assumption of authority gives Eisenhower direction over Allied Expeditionary Air Force (AEAF), The British Royal Air Force (RAF) Bomber Command, and United States Strategic Air Forces in Europe (USSTAF) (Fifteenth Air Force retains some degree of independence) along with United States 1st Army Group, 21 Army Group, and Allied Naval Forces.

Eighth Air Force. 153 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) heavy bombers attack industrial targets at Schweinfurt. 230 heavy bombers strike Augsburg, concentrating on Messerschmitt plant. 183 other bombers hit airfields and other targets in Oberpfaffenhofen, Lechfeld, and Lauffen am Neckar. This mission is flown in conjunction with a raid on Hungary by over 500 Fifteenth Air Force heavy bombers and a Ninth Air Force B-26 Marauder medium bombers raid in South Netherlands. Although fighters opposition is dispersed, enemy aircraft and antiaircraft account for most of 38 heavy bombers lost by Eighth Air Force.

Ninth Air Force. 121 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) B-26 Marauder medium bombers and 37 A-20 Havoc light bombers attack marshalling yard, coastal batteries, airfields, and V-weapon sites at Namur, Chievres, Nieuport, Le Havre, and along North coast of France in general. Nearly 175 other aircraft abort missions mainly because of weather. 48 P-47 Thunderbolt fighters also dive-bomb V-weapon sites.

Twelfth Air Force. United States Army Air Force (USAAF) B-25 Mitchell medium bombers attack Terni and bridge at Marsciano while B-26 Marauder medium bombers bomb Ancona marshalling yard and nearby railroad bridge. Fighter-bombers again strike mainly at command, town of Itri, Cesano station, factory at Fontana Liri, railroad overpass at Fara in Sabina, Anguillara, and bridges, trucks, and other targets at points throughout Central Italy.

Fifteenth Air Force. 535 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) heavy bombers (largest heavy bomber mission to date by Fifteenth Air Force) bomb airfields aircraft factory, and rolling stock plant at Gyor, Vecses and Tokol airfields and Repulogepgyar aircraft components plant at Budapest, and marshalling yard at Brod. Fighters fly over 200 sorties in support of the heavy bombers. Fighter opposition and antiaircraft account for 14 United States heavy bombers and 1 fighters shot down. Nearly 40 fighters are claimed shot down and 120 aircraft destroyed on the ground.

Tenth Air Force. 24 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) A-31 Vengeance dive bomber's hit gun positions and telegraph installations at Buthidaung. About 90 A-31 Vengeance dive bomber's pound a variety of targets at Churachandpur riddim, Sagolmang, Kanglatongbi, Thayaung, Tamanthi, Minthami, and Thaungdut. 90 P-40 fighters, P-51 Mustang fighter-bombers and A-36 Apache dive bomber and a few B-25 Mitchell medium bombers carry out ground support missions near Kamaing and hit assorted targets throughout the Mogaung Valley. 12 B-25 Mitchell medium bombers and 11 P-51 Mustang fighter-bombers support ground forces at Mawlu.

Fourteenth Air Force. 28 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) fighters attempt to intercept but fail to make contact with 13 Japanese aeroplanes which bomb Namyung.

Fifth Air Force. 80 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) B-24 Liberator heavy bombers and A-20 Havoc light bombers pound the airfields at Dagua and But on North coast of New Guinea. 33 A-20 Havoc light bombers hit Aitape. P-39 fighters, B-25 Mitchell medium bombers, and B-24 Liberator heavy bombers fly light strikes against a variety of targets along Hansa Bay, on Wakde, at Uligan, and several other points along the coast.

Thirteenth Air Force. 24 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) B-25 Mitchell medium bombers blast Talili Bay and Ratawul supply areas and town of Rabaul. 40 fighter-bombers strike Malaguna area North West of Rabaul. 17 fighter-bombers hit personnel and supply areas at Mosigetta, Mawareka, Meive, and Maririei. During the early morning 23 B-24 Liberator heavy bombers bomb Truk.

Seventh Air Force. United States Army Air Force (USAAF) B-24 Liberator heavy bombers out of Eniwetok strike Truk. B-25 Mitchell medium bombers from Abemama hit Ponape. B-25 Mitchell medium bombers from Tarawa bomb Jaluit, rearm at Majuro, and hit Maloelap.

Eleventh Air Force. 3 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) B-24 Liberator heavy bombers fly armed reconnaissance and bombing runs over airfield at Matsuwa and installations on Onnekotan Islands.

R232 R-boat
Launched 13 April 1944

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Sources

The Second Great War.
Edited by Sir John Hamilton

The War Illustrated.
Edited by Sir John Hamilton

2194 Days Of War.
ISBN-10: 086136614X

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