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15th August 1944

WWII Timeline




Events On This Day

Eighth Air Force. Nearly 850 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) heavy bombers attack 11 North West German, Dutch, and Belgian airfields in conjunction with 1,000 The British Royal Air Force (RAF) heavy bombers and Mosquitos raiding 9 airfields in the Netherlands and Belgium, all supported by 607 VIII Fighter Command sorties. 17 Eighth Air Force heavy bombers and 6 fighters are lost. Heavy bombers claim 13 aircraft destroyed while fighters claim 14 in air and 8 on ground, along with 29 locomotives and a large number of other ground targets. 33 P-47 Thunderbolt fighters dive-bomb and skip bomb repair shop and locomotives in marshalling yard at Braine-le-Comte.

Ninth Air Force. 50th and 53d Troop Carrier Wings, on loan to Mediterranean Allied Air Forces (MAAF), participate in invasion of South France as part of Provisional Troop Carrier Air Division. 330 A-20 Havoc light bombers and B-26 Marauder medium bombers bomb Marseille-en-Beauvaisis and Foret de Chantilly ammunition and fuel dumps, rail bridges at Auverssise and L'Isle-Adam, Serqueux marshalling yard, and coastal defence at Saint-Malo. Fighters fly cover for 5 infantry and armoured divisions, escort IX Bomber Command, and fly extensive armed reconnaissance over North and West France.

Twelfth Air Force. During 14-15 August 1944 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) A-20 Havoc light bombers bomb Le Vallon, Istres, and Orange, Plan de Dieu airfields and other Rhone Valley targets while United States Seventh Army carries out preliminary operations to isolate DRAGOON invasion beaches. United States Special Service Force invades Levant and Port-Cros Islands and secures left flank of assault area. French commandos land East of Cap Negre and clear coastal defences, French Naval Assault Group lands South West of Cannes and secures right flank. 1st Airborne Task Force drops in rear of assault beaches and blocks off invasion area from the interior. Main force, United States VI Corps, lands 3 divisions abreast between Nice and Toulon at 0800. A-20 Havoc light bombers bomb barracks in invasion area while B-25 Mitchell medium bombers, B-26 Marauder medium bombers, P-38 Lightning fighters, and P-47 Thunderbolt fighters, supporting invasion, pound beaches, enemy concentrations, and gun positions in coastal areas and later in the day move attacks inland to interdict enemy command lines successfully hitting numerous bridges. Fighters maintain constant patrol over convoys and invasion area.

Fifteenth Air Force. In Fifteenth Air Force's first heavy bomber mass night raid, 252 B-17 Flying Fortress heavy bombers and B-24 Liberator heavy bombers after predawn take off pound beaches in Cannes Toulon area in immediate advance of Operation DRAGOON. 28 other fighters escorted B-17 Flying Fortress heavy bombers bomb highway bridges over Rhone River. B-17 Flying Fortress heavy bombers sent against coastal gun positions abort mission owing to poor visibility. 166 P-51 Mustang fighter-bombers escort Mediterranean Allied Tactical Air Force (MATAF) C-47 Skytrain transport aircraft carrying airborne invasion troops.

Eastern Air Command (EAC). AM Coryton assumes command of Third Tactical Air Force, a major component of Eastern Air Command (EAC). Tactical Air Force functions remain under Coryton until it is dissolved on 4 December 1944.

Tenth Air Force. Almost 70 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) P-51 Mustang fighter-bombers, P-47 Thunderbolt fighters, P-40 fighters, and A-36 Apache dive bomber hit numerous North Burma targets including general targets in Bhamo area, monastery at Pegu, troops East of Mawhun, Loiwing and Lashio airfield and rail targets between Naba and Hopin. Close support strikes are flown for ground forces in Pinbaw and Naba areas. Supply dumps at Mainghka are bombed and 2 villages North of Kazu are hit and burned out.

Fourteenth Air Force. 12 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) B-25 Mitchell medium bombers bomb Kutkai, demolishing 2 large buildings and leaving 14 burning. 35 P-40 fighters attack Tingka, Hsenwi, Lungling, and Tengchung. Nearly 100 P-40 fighters and P-51 Mustang fighter-bombers attack troops, horses, trucks, river shipping, artillery pieces, warehouses, and general targets in or near Sungpai, Sinshih, Hengyang, Chaling, Leiyang, Sinyang, Siangtan, Hukow, and Changsha. 4 P-40 fighters hit coastal shipping at Hongay and Nam Dinh.

Far East Air Force (FEAF). United States Army Air Force (USAAF) B-24 Liberator heavy bombers bomb Lolobata airfield and B-25 Mitchell medium bombers attack shipping in Ternate area, setting a 1,200 ton vessel afire and damaging several luggers and barges. P-39 fighters dive-bomb antiaircraft positions at Wewak Point. Far East Air Force (FEAF) United States aircraft on armed reconnaissance hit targets in Ceram area and Tanimbar Islands.

Thirteenth Air Force. XIII Fighter Command moves from Guadalcanal to Sansapor Point.

M266 Minesweeper
Commissioned 15 August 1944

M385 Minesweeper
Sunk 15 August 1944

2. Räumbootsflottille
Is disbanded on 15 August 1944

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Sources

The Second Great War.
Edited by Sir John Hamilton

The War Illustrated.
Edited by Sir John Hamilton

2194 Days Of War.
ISBN-10: 086136614X

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