Wehrmacht History 1935 to 1945

Menu

Sponsored Links

Sponsored Links

Sponsored Links

17th September 1944

WWII Timeline




Events On This Day

Eighth Air Force. United Kingdom-Union of Soviet Socialist Republics-Italy-United Kingdom shuttle mission is completed as 72 B-17 Flying Fortress heavy bombers and 59 P-51 Mustang fighter-bombers fly without bombs from Italy to United Kingdom. 2 B-17 Flying Fortress heavy bombers and a P-51 Mustang fighter-bombers abort and a P-51 Mustang fighter-bombers crash-lands South West of Paris. 70 B-17 Flying Fortress heavy bombers and 57 P-51 Mustang fighter-bombers land safely in United Kingdom. Over 800 B-17 Flying Fortress heavy bombers escorted by 3 fighters groups bomb 117 flak batteries and installations and an airfield, all in the Netherlands. 16 fighters groups escort aeroplanes of First Allied Airborne Army making parachute and glider drop of 20,000 troops into the Netherlands to secure axis of advance toward Zuider Zee for British Second Army, as part of MARKET-GARDEN, 17-30 September 1944. Troops dropped are I Airborne Corps, consisting of British 1st Airborne Division (with Polish Para Brigade) and United States 82d and 101st Airborne Division. The fighters groups also bomb and strafe flak positions and other ground targets, encountering intense flak and about 30 fighters. 16 United States fighters are lost. Claims include 8 aeroplanes and 107 flak positions destroyed.

Operation Market Garden was an unsuccessful Allied military operation, fought in the Kingdom of The Netherlands and Germany during World War II. It was the biggest airborne operation up to that time.

Field Marshal Bernard Law Montgomery goal was to force an entrance into Germany and over the Rhine River. Field Marshal Bernard Law Montgomery wanted to sidestep the northern end of the Siegfried Line and this necessitated the operation to seize the bridges across the Maas and two arms of the Rhine (the Waal and the Lower Rhine) as well as several smaller canals and tributaries. Crossing the Lower Rhine would allow the Allies to surround Germany's industrial heartland in the Ruhr from the north. It made large-scale use of airborne forces, whose tactical objectives were to secure the bridges and allow a rapid advance by armoured units into Northern Germany.

At first, the operation was marginally successful and several bridges between Eindhoven and Nijmegen were captured. Nevertheless, General Horrocks' XXX Corps ground force's advance was detained by the demolition of a bridge over the Wilhelmina Canal, as well as an extremely overstretched supply line, at Son, holding up the capture of the main road bridge over the Meuse until 20 September 1944. At Arnhem, the British 1st Airborne Division came across far stronger resistance than expected. In the resulting battle, only a small force managed to hold one end of the Arnhem road bridge and after the ground forces failed to relieve them, they were overrun on 21 September 1944. The rest of the division, trapped in a small pocket west of the bridge, had to be evacuated on 25 September 1944. The Allies had failed to cross the Rhine in sufficient force and the river remained a barrier to their advance until the offensives at Remagen, Oppenheim, Rees and Wesel in March 1945

Ninth Air Force. No combat bomber missions are flown. Weather permits 1 leaflet mission. XIX Tactical Air Command supports United States VIII Corps in Brest area and flies armed reconnaissance over Trier and Saarbrucken areas. IX Tactical Air Command flies armed reconnaissance in the Dusseldorf, Duren, Cologne, and Linz, Rhine areas, supports United States 2d and 5th Armoured Divisions and 4th Infantry Division in the Netherlands, and participates in MARKET-GARDEN.

Twelfth Air Force. United States Army Air Force (USAAF) B-25 Mitchell medium bombers hit troop concentrations in British Eighth Army battle area in vicinity of Rimini. B-25 Mitchell medium bombers pound rail bridges in West Po Valley, while fighter-bombers operating in the Valley attack rails, roads, rolling stock, road bridges, motor transport and other targets. In the mountains South of the Valley United States Fifth Army forces break through Gothic Line at Il Giogo Pass, take Monte Altuzzo and Pratone, finish clearing Monte Veruca, and gain crest of Monte Monticelli. United States Seventh Army's French 2d Corps makes contact with United States Third Army's French 2d Armoured Division near Bains-les-Bains.

Fifteenth Air Force. 440 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) heavy bombers, with fighters escort, attack 2 oil refineries and 4 marshalling yards in Budapest area in an attempt to hit Germany's principal remaining oil supply and to aid Soviet and other friendly forces on South Russian front by pounding the focal rail traffic point in that area. Some of the escorting fighters strafe targets in the general target area Bad weather hampers all but 8 of 54 B-24 Liberator heavy bombers flying supplies to South France. 25 heavy bombers return from Cairo to Italy with Allied airmen formerly imprisoned in Bulgaria. 2 B-17 Flying Fortress heavy bombers, escorted by 41 P-51 Mustang fighter-bombers, evacuate wounded airmen from Czechoslovakia to Italy.

Tenth Air Force. 8 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) P-47 Thunderbolt fighters bomb Katha, 8 hit Momauk and Wanling, and 8 others attack Bhamo. 6 B-25 Mitchell medium bombers hit Mangshih while 3 others bomb Indaw. 16 B-24 Liberator heavy bombers haul fuel to Liuchow. Troop Carrier aircraft fly over 200 sorties delivering personnel and supplies to various points in China-Burma-India (CBI).

Fourteenth Air Force. 29 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) B-24 Liberator heavy bombers bomb Changsha. 27 B-25 Mitchell medium bombers hit Hwangshapu, Kiyang, and Nanyo. 130 P-51 Mustang fighter-bombers and P-40 fighters on armed reconnaissance attack town areas, strong points, shipping, railway targets, gun positions, trucks, and other targets from Northeast of Ichang southward through Hunan province and beyond. Areas hit include Changsha, Kiyang, Lingling, Chuanhsien, Siangtan, Hengshan, Kweiyang, and Lingkuantien, plus scattered targets elsewhere.

Far East Air Force (FEAF). United States Army Air Force (USAAF) B-25 Mitchell medium bombers bomb Buayoan airfield B-24 Liberator heavy bombers, B-25 Mitchell medium bombers, and P-38 Lightning fighters hit Langoan airfield. B-25 Mitchell medium bombers and P-39 fighters, fighting bad weather, attack a variety of targets, including airfields and villages in Amboina Ceram area. P-47 Thunderbolt fighters and P-40 fighters pound Samate airfield.

Seventh Air Force. A United States Army Air Force (USAAF) B-24 Liberator heavy bombers on a snooper mission from Saipan bombs Iwo Jima. Armed reconnaissance over Marcus is unsuccessful due to bad weather. Gilberts based B-25 Mitchell medium bombers pound Nauru.

Eleventh Air Force. 2 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) B-24 Liberator heavy bombers weather abort a mission to Suribachi. 4 B-25 Mitchell medium bombers fly an unsuccessful shipping sweep.

V-2 rocket launched against England, hit Knockholt.

V-2 rocket launched against England, hit East Ham.

V-2 rocket launched against England, hit Hockley, near Southend.

V-2 rocket launched against England, hit Coulsdon.

V-2 rocket launched against England, hit Brockley, Lewisham.

T18 Torpedo boat
Sunk 17 September 1944

R171 R-boat
Sunk 17 September 1944

Go To: 18th September
Articles:

Gallery

V-2 rocket

Leave a Comment

Name:


Email:


Comments:

CAPTCHA Image Audio Version Refresh

Sources

The Second Great War.
Edited by Sir John Hamilton

The War Illustrated.
Edited by Sir John Hamilton

2194 Days Of War.
ISBN-10: 086136614X

For a complete list of sources
News
WWII News articles from around the world
WWII News

Sponsored Links

WWII Timeline
World War Two Timeline, detailing every event, day by day from 1935 through to 1945.
WWII Timeline

Support This Site
There are many ways to help support this site if you would like more information
Click Here

Join Our Newsletter
To receive the latest news on Book Reviews, Movies and site updates join my free Newsletter

Sponsored Links

Sponsored Links

Bookmark & Share
Please bookmark this site and tell your friends!
Bookmark and Share

This website is NOT meant to promote Nazism, the politics of Adolf Hitler, or any other political ideology. It deals with the subject of German military during a particular period of history nothing else.

©Wehrmacht History

Reliable Web Hosting