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19th July 1944

WWII Timeline




Events On This Day

Eighth Air Force. More than 1,100 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) heavy bombers, operating in 5 forces, attack targets in Germany, including 2 plants producing hydrogen peroxide (an ingredient in V-weapon fuels), a chemical plant, 2 aircraft factories, 4 ball bearing plants, 6 marshalling yards, 4 airfields, and a river dam. Attacks in the Munich area are followed, within 90 minutes, by Fifteenth Air Force attacks. 731 fighters, operating in 19 separate units, support the heavy bombers; 8 of these units afterwards strafe ground targets, including parked aircraft, locomotives and rolling stock, and road vehicles. 15 heavy bombers and 7 fighters are lost. The heavy bombers claim destruction of 6 aircraft, and the fighters claim 17 destroyed in aerial combat and 39 on the ground.

Ninth Air Force. In the afternoon 262 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) B-26 Marauder medium bombers and A-20 Havoc light bombers bomb bridges on the Loire and Seine and a fuel dump at Bruz. Fighters provide escort and, though limited by bad weather, hit rail lines and scattered enemy installations and movements in Amiens Tours Chartres area and along Ghent Brussels railroad.

Twelfth Air Force. Weather again restricts medium bombers operations, but in late afternoon B-26 Marauder medium bombers hit bridges at Piacenza and Ostiglia. B-25 Mitchell medium bombers bomb bridge at Sassuolo. Fighter-bombers are limited to a few railroad targets as United States is Fifth Army takes Leghorn and moves North.

Fifteenth Air Force. More than 400 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) B-17 Flying Fortress heavy bombers and B-24 Liberator heavy bombers bomb an ordnance depot, an aircraft factory, a motor works, and an airfield in the Munich area. P-51 Mustang fighter-bombers and P-38 Lightning fighters fly more than 300 sorties in support. Enemy fighters opposition is weak but flak is heavy and accurate. 16 United States aeroplanes are shot down and several are missing.

Tenth Air Force. 30 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) P-40 fighters and P-51 Mustang fighter-bombers hit Myitkyina area and support ground forces near Kamaing. Myitkyina is also bombed by 9 B-25 Mitchell medium bombers.

Fourteenth Air Force. 80 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) P-40 fighters hit shipping in Tungting Lake area, attack targets, supply areas, and troop concentrations around Hengyang, bomb radio station, storage facilities, and shipping at Changsha, hit airfields at Siangtan, and sink about 15 sampans between Changsha and Siangtan. 31 P-40 fighters and P-51 Mustang fighter-bombers bomb and strafe Samshui town and dock area and hit several troop compounds in Lienchiangkou vicinity. 4 P-40 fighters over Northeast Indochina coast claim 25 junks sunk.

Far East Air Force (FEAF). United States Army Air Force (USAAF) B-24 Liberator heavy bombers, striking in 2 waves, attack airfields on Yap. Several of the B-24 Liberator heavy bombers become separated from the formations and bomb Ngulu and Sorol Islands. Weather again cancels strikes on Vogelkop Peninsula area. Fighter-bomber's hit stores, gun positions, and targets along Dandriwad River and support Allied ground forces in Sarmi Sawar sector.

Seventh Air Force. United States Army Air Force (USAAF) P-47 Thunderbolt fighters continue to bomb and strafe Tinian.

R251 R-boat
Commissioned 19 July 1944

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Sources

The Second Great War.
Edited by Sir John Hamilton

The War Illustrated.
Edited by Sir John Hamilton

2194 Days Of War.
ISBN-10: 086136614X

For a complete list of sources
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