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20th July 1944

WWII Timeline




Events On This Day

Eighth Air Force. Over 1,200 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) heavy bombers strike numerous objectives in Central Germany, in Erfurt Leipzig area and near Mainz. Targets include 4 aircraft and aircraft engine factories, a ball bearing plant, a motor vehicle works, 5 airfields, 2 synthetic oil plants, an optical instruments works, an armament factory, 5 marshalling yards, and the cities of Koblenz, Bad Nauheim, and Bad Salzungen. 727 fighters support the Eighth's heavy bombers and afterwards several units strafe ground targets. 19 heavy bombers and 8 fighters are lost. Heavy bombers claim 6 aircraft destroyed while the fighters claim 11 destroyed in the air and 11 on the ground.

Ninth Air Force. Weather forbids morning operations. In afternoon 62 medium bombers and light bombers strike Senonches fuel dump and Chaulnes marshalling yard. Fighters escort bombers and transports and fly armed reconnaissance against rail lines, bridges, and gun positions South of front lines.

Twelfth Air Force. XII Air Force Training and Replacement Command is disbanded in Algeria. Medium bombers continue to pound Po Valley bridges in or near Ostiglia, Parma, Mantua, Fernarla. Fighter-bombers again hit targets North of battle area, concentrating on rail lines and destroying or damaging large number of railroad cars as United States is Fifth Army forces push to point Southeast of Pisa.

Fifteenth Air Force. Almost 450 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) B-17 Flying Fortress heavy bombers and B-24 Liberator heavy bombers bomb airfields at Memmingen, and airfield, Zeppelin works, and aircraft factory at Friedrichshafen. P-38 Lightning fighters and P-51 Mustang fighter-bombers provide escort and, with heavy bombers, claim 19 aeroplanes shot down.

Tenth Air Force. A few United States Army Air Force (USAAF) P-40 fighters attack targets in Myitkyina area.

Fourteenth Air Force. In Tungting Lake area 11 B-24 Liberator heavy bombers bomb East half of Changsha, causing heavy destruction. 140 P-40 fighters and P-51 Mustang fighter-bombers attack river shipping and road traffic at several locations throughout the region, pound supply villages South of Changsha and Sinshih, bomb motor pool at Tsungyang, hit warehouse area at Siangtan, and attack troop compounds and gun positions North of Hengyang and at Leiyang and Chaling.

Far East Air Force (FEAF). United States Army Air Force (USAAF) B-24 Liberator heavy bombers bomb West part of Yap town. Other B-24 Liberator heavy bombers hit airfields and antiaircraft guns at Manokwari and antiaircraft at Moemi. B-25 Mitchell medium bombers hit shipping off Sorong, in Kaiboes Bay, and off Misool Island, and bomb Kasim Island. A-20 Havoc light bombers support Allied ground forces in Sarmi sector. B-24 Liberator heavy bombers bomb Namlea airfield and shipping in Kayeli Bay. B-25 Mitchell medium bombers hit shipping at Dili. A-20 Havoc light bombers and a B-25 Mitchell medium bombers bomb supply dumps at Cape Moem, Wom, and Sauri while fighter-bombers hit targets along Yakamul coastal road and troops on Kairiru Island.

Seventh Air Force. United States Army Air Force (USAAF) P-47 Thunderbolt fighters pound Tinian. B-25 Mitchell medium bombers from Engebi bomb Ponape.

Adolf Hitler on 20 July 1944, survives an assassination attempt by Claus von Stauffenberg.

Henschel Hs 293
was used against the Canadian frigate HMCS Matane which was badly damaged.

R200 R-boat
Recommissioned 20 July 1944

R243 R-boat
Launched 20 July 1944

Go To: 21st July
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Henschel Hs 293

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Sources

The Second Great War.
Edited by Sir John Hamilton

The War Illustrated.
Edited by Sir John Hamilton

2194 Days Of War.
ISBN-10: 086136614X

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