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21st November 1944

WWII Timeline




Events On This Day

Eighth Air Force. More than 1,100 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) heavy bombers attack synthetic oil plant at Merseburg, Leuna, 2 oil refineries at Hamburg, and several other targets including 4 towns, 4 marshalling yards, an airfield, flak position, and about 30 targets. 16 fighters groups escort, later strafe ground targets, and combat large number of fighters over Merseburg area. United States fighters claim over 70 destroyed. 34 United States fighters and heavy bombers are lost.

Ninth Air Force. United States Army Air Force (USAAF) 9th Bomber Division hits rail bridges and defended areas at several points including Bergstein, Echtz, Sinzig, Neuwied, and Derichsweiler. Fighters escort B-26 Marauder medium bombers and also Eighth Air Force B-17 Flying Fortress heavy bombers (to Merseburg), fly area cover, sweeps, and dive-bombing missions in West Germany, and support United States 1st, 8th, and 104th Infantry Divisions in Hurtgen area and XII and XX Corps between Merzig and Sarreguemines.

Twelfth Air Force. United States Army Air Force (USAAF) B-25 Mitchell medium bombers blast defences and troop concentrations in Faenza area as British Eighth Army's 5 Corps opens general offensive North towards that town. Fighter-bombers hit targets in United States Fifth Army battle area South of Bolonga, in Po Valley, and in Northeast Italy. Particularly good results are achieved against supply dumps and rail line in Brenner Pass is cut in 3 places.

Fifteenth Air Force. 25 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) B-24 Liberator heavy bombers bomb troop concentrations, railroad, and highways at Novi Pazar and Cacak. 155 P-38 Lightning fighters dive-bomb command lines in South Yugoslavia, destroying several vehicles, blasting roads at Vucitrn, Rogatica, Tvrdosevo, and Duga Poljana, hitting bridges at Vrbasici, and Kukavica and causing landslide at Pavlica. 87 P-51 Mustang fighter-bombers strafe command over wide areas of South Yugoslovia. Other fighters fly reconnaissance missions.

Tenth Air Force. 28 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) P-47 Thunderbolt fighters support ground forces in Pinwe and Bhamo areas. 37 others hit supply areas, troop concentrations and strongholds at Langwa, Pinmalut, Hlebwe, Mutawng, and Nawnghkem. 15 P-47 Thunderbolt fighters hit targets while sweeping Kyaukme Namyao road. 10 B-25 Mitchell medium bombers knock out bridges at Hsipaw and Bawgyo. Transports fly 280 sorties to forward areas.

Fourteenth Air Force. 42 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) P-51 Mustang fighter-bombers and P-38 Lightning fighters on armed reconnaissance attack fuel supplies and town area at Ishan and road and rail traffic and other targets in Chiuchiang area, North of Wanling, South of Foochow, and at Hsuchang, Sincheng, and Sheklung.

Far East Air Force (FEAF). United States Army Air Force (USAAF) B-24 Liberator heavy bombers bomb Matina and Lumbia airfields. Fighter-bombers hit troop barges and supply dumps in Ormoc Bay and numerous targets throughout the Central Philippine Islands. B-25 Mitchell medium bombers hit Langoan and Mapanget airfields while B-24 Liberator heavy bombers in Kendari area bomb airfields at Ambesia.

Twentieth Air Force. 61 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) B-29 Superfortress heavy bomber's from Chengtu bomb aircraft plant at Omura. 13 B-29 Superfortress heavy bomber's bomb Shanghai, and several others hit alternates and targets. The very heavy bombers claim 27 fighters downed, the highest Twentieth Air Force claim to date.

Seventh Air Force. Seventh Air Force service groups are reassigned from VII Air Service Area Command to VII Bomber Command and VII Fighter Command, with one service group to support each tactical group in the field. B-24 Liberator heavy bombers from Guam bomb shipping and naval shore installations at Chichi Jima and Haha Jima. During 21-22 November 1944, a lone B-24 Liberator heavy bombers on snooper mission bombs Iwo Jima.

Eleventh Air Force. Advance Headquarters is established on Shemya with General Harry A Johnson as Department Commander. 5 B-24 Liberator heavy bombers fly air coverage for naval units. Another fleet coverage mission by 10 B-25 Mitchell medium bombers is cancelled due to weather. Before clearance can be obtained from Russians through diplomatic channels, a B-24 Liberator heavy bombers air drops provisions to marooned crew of B-24 Liberator heavy bombers which force landed on Kamchatka on 17 November 1944.

V-2 rocket launched against England, hit Tilbury.

V-2 rocket launched against England, hit Erith Marshes.

V-2 rocket launched against England, hit Walthamstow.

V-2 rocket launched against England, hit Little Waltham.

V-2 rocket launched against England, hit Erith.

V-2 rocket launched against England, hit Laindon.

V-2 rocket launched against England, hit Orpington.

V-2 rocket launched against England, hit Battersea.

M806 Minesweeper
Launched 21 November 1944

R257 R-boat
Commissioned 21 November 1944

R266 R-boat
Launched 21 November 1944

Go To: 22nd November
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V-2 rocket

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Sources

The Second Great War.
Edited by Sir John Hamilton

The War Illustrated.
Edited by Sir John Hamilton

2194 Days Of War.
ISBN-10: 086136614X

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