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23rd March 1944

WWII Timeline




Events On This Day

Eighth Air Force. 767 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) heavy bombers are dispatched to attack airfields in West Germany and aircraft factories in Brunswick area. Due to unfavourable weather conditions, only 68 heavy bombers bomb primary target airfield at Handorf. 205 bomb city of Brunswick (secondary target) and 432 others bomb targets, including Hamm marshalling yard, Osnabruck, Munster, Ahlen, Beckum, Neubeckum, and Drensteinfurt. 28 aircraft are lost, mostly to fighters.

Ninth Air Force. 220 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) B-26 Marauder medium bombers on morning mission bomb Creil marshalling yard and airfields at Beaumont-le-Roger and Beauvais, Tille. In afternoon raid, 146 bomb Haine-Saint-Pierre marshalling yard.

Twelfth Air Force. United States Army Air Force (USAAF) B-26 Marauder medium bombers bomb Florence, Campo di Marte marshalling yard while B-25 Mitchell medium bombers hit Pontassieve railway bridge and its approaches. P-40 fighters attack guns in Cassino, Esperia area, causing many fires and explosions. A-36 Apache dive bomber bomb Cassino area with good results. Germans have been forced into narrow zone in West edge of Cassino but still hold positions commanding the town and the Abbey; New Zealand Corps breaks off attack.

Tenth Air Force. In Chin Hills region 12 A-31 Vengeance dive bomber's hit Japanese positions, 12 B-24 Liberator heavy bombers and 10 P-38 Lightning fighters bomb Kalewa, and 9 B-25 Mitchell medium bombers attack Kaing and Shwebo. In Katha area 12 P-51 Mustang fighter-bombers bomb Naba Station while 12 others join 9 B-25 Mitchell medium bombers in attacking ammunition and gas dumps at Indaw. 4 P-40 fighters bomb stores at Kamaing while 30 other fighters fly armed reconnaissance over the Mogaung Valley in general. 12 B-24 Liberator heavy bombers pound Moulmein jetty and attack Moulmein, Bangkok railroad targets, destroying 2 bridges, damaging several others, and scoring effective hits on 2 trains.

Fourteenth Air Force. United States Army Air Force (USAAF) B-25 Mitchell medium bombers on railroad sweep North from Vinh destroy 2 engines and several boxcars at Van Trai Station yards and attack 3 bridges between Vinh and Thanh Hoa.

Fifth Air Force. Nearly 100 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) B-24 Liberator heavy bombers, B-25 Mitchell medium bombers, A-20 Havoc light bombers, and P-47 Thunderbolt fighters hit numerous targets in Aitape, Wewak, Alexishafen, and Hansa Bay areas. 29 P-40 fighters attack Talasea and nearby bivouacs, including Gogosi. B-24 Liberator heavy bombers bomb Babo and during the night attack shipping in Bismarck Sea.

Thirteenth Air Force. 14 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) P-38 Lightning fighters bomb targets at Komaleai Point while 24 B-25 Mitchell medium bombers hit Buka area after weather prevented scheduled attacks on Rabaul. Fighters fly sweeps over Rabaul and general New Ireland area, and 12 P-40 fighters bomb fuel dump at Keravia Bay. 15 B-24 Liberator heavy bombers out of 24 dispatched plow through the bad weather and bomb Ratawul supply area.

Seventh Air Force. United States Army Air Force (USAAF) B-24 Liberator heavy bombers from Kwajalein bomb Wake. B-25 Mitchell medium bombers flying out of Eniwetok hit Ponape. Tarawa based B-25 Mitchell medium bombers strike Maloelap and Jaluit, commencing a series of B-25 Mitchell medium bombers shuttle missions between Tarawa or Makin and the Navy's new base at Majuro Atoll which is used as the rearming base for the return strike.

R137 R-boat
Launched 23 March 1944

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Sources

The Second Great War.
Edited by Sir John Hamilton

The War Illustrated.
Edited by Sir John Hamilton

2194 Days Of War.
ISBN-10: 086136614X

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