Wehrmacht History 1935 to 1945


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31st May 1944

WWII Timeline

Events On This Day

Eighth Air Force. 371 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) heavy bombers attack marshalling yards at Schwerte, Hamm, Osnabruck, Geseke, and Roosendaal; airfields at Luxeuil-les-Bains, Gilze-Rijen, and Florennes and 5 bridges in France. The mission against the bridges, using radio controlled bombs, is unsuccessful. 6 combat wings sent to bomb airfields, marshalling yards, and factories in France are recalled because of bad weather. 79 P-47 Thunderbolt fighters using dive bombing and Droopsnoot fighters equipped with bombsight tactics attack Gutersloh airfield. 35 P-38 Lightning fighters, unable to locate primary target of Lingen airfield, bomb airfields Northeast of Rheine, believed to be Hopsten.

Ninth Air Force. About 200 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) B-26 Marauder medium bombers bomb lock and highway bridges at Bennecourt, Courcelles-sur-Seine, and Rouen.

Twelfth Air Force. United States Army Air Force (USAAF) medium bombers of 43d and 57th Bomber Wings give close support to ground forces in fierce fighting South of Rome, hitting numerous troop concentrations, roads and town areas, including points in or near Albano Laziale, Genzano di Roma, Ariccia, Frascati, Civitella Roveta, Subiaco, Cave, Nettuno, and Grottaferrata. XII Tactical Air Command A-20 Havoc light bombers and fighter-bombers blast targets in same general area, hitting troops bridges, supplies, guns, and vehicles at or near Rocca di Papa, Ariccia, Marino, Frascati, Grottaferrata, Lanuvio, Montalto di Castro, and Manciano. C-47 Skytrain transport aircraft evacuate casualties from Anzio.

Fifteenth Air Force. 480 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) B-17 Flying Fortress heavy bombers and B-24 Liberator heavy bombers bomb oil refineries and command targets in Ploesti area. Fighters fly over 200 sorties in support. 15 heavy bombers are lost to flak and fighters. Over 40 enemy aeroplanes are shot down.

Tenth Air Force. 12 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) B-25 Mitchell medium bombers hit Tiddim road while 36 A-31 Vengeance dive bomber's hit supply dumps, villages, and gun positions in the Ukhrul Moirang area. 130 B-25 Mitchell medium bombers, A-36 Apache dive bomber, P-51 Mustang fighter-bombers, and P-40 fighters hit troops, defensive positions, artillery emplacements, boats, railroad facilities, and villages in Myitkyina Mogaung area, buildings at Tahona, river boats at Lonkin and Kamaing, docks at Bhamo, railroad cars at Namti, and positions North West of Mohnyin. 21 other B-25 Mitchell medium bombers and fighter-bombers pound the Bhamo town area and airfield. 10 B-24 Liberator heavy bombers bomb Ye-u, demolishing several buildings.

Fourteenth Air Force. 51 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) P-51 Mustang fighter-bombers and P-40 fighters pound shipping along the Yangtze, claiming direct hits on 5 small ships. 16 P-51 Mustang fighter-bombers and P-40 fighters bomb Kweiyi and Yoyang and installations on river to the South. 10 P-38 Lightning fighters bomb bridge and warehouse area at Nanchang. 12 P-40 fighters bomb Pingkiang. 4 B-25 Mitchell medium bombers bomb Hankow airfield, Pailochi, and motor convoy at Yoyang. 6 other B-25 Mitchell medium bombers knock out bridge at Kengluang. 13 B-24 Liberator heavy bombers pound town of Lungling, causing big fires, while 14 B-24 Liberator heavy bombers, supported by P-40 fighters blast warehouse area at Lashio. 4 P-40 fighters destroy several aircraft during strafing runs on Linfen and Hohsien airfields.

Fifth Air Force. United States Army Air Force (USAAF) B-25 Mitchell medium bombers and A-20 Havoc light bombers hit Babo area, bomb airfields near Ransiki River, cover beachhead on Biak Island, and attack fishing boats on shore of Japan Island. P-47 Thunderbolt fighters and B-25 Mitchell medium bombers pound villages, barges, and gun positions in Wakde Sarmi battle area. B-24 Liberator heavy bombers, P-39 fighters, and Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) aeroplanes continue to hit Wewak and Hansa Bay areas.

Thirteenth Air Force. 12 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) P-38 Lightning fighters bomb Vulcan Crater barge hideout. 22 P3P-39 fighters and 12 P-40 fighters blast supply dumps near Ratawul. 33 B-25 Mitchell medium bombers pound Rabaul truck concentrations, wharf area, and Northeast section of town. 5 B-25 Mitchell medium bombers bomb targets along North West New Ireland coast. P-39 fighters bomb several targets, including Soraken, Arigua, and several barges and vehicles.

Eleventh Air Force. During the morning 2 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) B-25 Mitchell medium bombers and 4 P-38 Lightning fighters fly guard ship cover. A bomber flies a weather mission while another reconnoitre and hits Buroton Bay.

M13 Minesweeper
Sunk 31 May 1944

Z43 Destroyer
Commissioned 31 May 1944

Go To: 1st June


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The Second Great War.
Edited by Sir John Hamilton

The War Illustrated.
Edited by Sir John Hamilton

2194 Days Of War.
ISBN-10: 086136614X

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