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8th November 1944

WWII Timeline




Events On This Day

Eighth Air Force. Transfer of training functions from VIII Air Force Composite Command to combat groups is completed. VIII Air Force Composite Command ceases to function as personnel are attached to Air Disarmament Command (Provisional) by United States Strategic Air Forces in Europe (USSTAF). airfield at Denain, Prouvy is assigned to Eighth Air Force. This is first step in establishing an VIII Air Force Services Command Service Centre on the European continent so that Eighth Air Force can service and administer its own aircraft and personnel in the area. Over 250 heavy bombers attack synthetic oil plants at Merseburg, Leuna and marshalling yard at Rheine, along with 5 targets. Bad weather causes recall of over 350 other heavy bombers. 18 fighters groups provide escort and later strafe ground targets with good results. 23 fighters are lost.

Ninth Air Force. Weather cancels operations against military depots and troop concentrations in Germany, and fortified positions in France. Mission against rail bridges in Germany is recalled due to weather. Fighters fly escort, attack railroads, bridges, factories, supply dumps, and command posts. IX and XIX Tactical Air Commands support United States 28th Infantry Division in Schmidt area (V Corps begins withdrawing Kall River bridgehead) and Third Army elements start assault on enemy fortifications in Metz area.

Twelfth Air Force. United States Army Air Force (USAAF) medium bombers strike rail line in Brenner Pass and other lines running into Italy from Northeast and bomb bridges in Central and West Po Valley, damaging several and destroying the bridge at Mantua. Fighters and fighter-bombers hit command in Bologna area, but concentrate most of their operations against bridges and rail lines in Parma area in effort to disrupt battle area supply lines.

Fifteenth Air Force. 34 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) B-24 Liberator heavy bombers bomb troop concentrations at Mitrovica, Prijepolje, and Sjenica. Heavy cloud over targets forces over 70 others to abort.

Tenth Air Force. 80 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) P-47 Thunderbolt fighters support ground forces in Mawlu area, bomb personnel, supplies, and command facilities at Tunhong, Chaungdauk, and Kutkai, gun positions at Hsipaw, Man Hpa town area, Kawlin airfield and targets along Kawlin Pinwe railroad. 8 B-25 Mitchell medium bombers knock out Bawgyo railroad bridge. 270 transports fly sorties to forward areas.

Fourteenth Air Force. In South China and North Indochina 2 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) B-25 Mitchell medium bombers hit railroad tracks at Lohochai and 2 others hit tracks at Duc Tho. 4 P-51 Mustang fighter-bombers blast road machinery near Muse. 15 B-25 Mitchell medium bombers, 13 P-40 fighters and P-51 Mustang fighter-bombers pound storage buildings, villages, and other targets throughout Mangshih area.

Far East Air Force (FEAF). United States Army Air Force (USAAF) B-24 Liberator heavy bombers again hit Alicante airfield. B-25 Mitchell medium bombers bomb Langoan airfield while P-38 Lightning fighters on sweeps over Kendari area hit parked aeroplanes, shipping, nickel mine, and other targets. B-25 Mitchell medium bombers attack Kaoe and Hate Tabako airfield while others hit targets on Ceram.

Twentieth Air Force. 17 XXI Bomber Command United States Army Air Force (USAAF) B-29 Superfortress heavy bomber's are airborne against Iwo Jima airfield. 6 manage to bomb through a hole in cloud cover. Others fail to bomb target. Enemy aircraft drop phosphorous bombs on formations, damaging 1 B-29 Superfortress heavy bomber. 1 very heavy bomber ditches, the first aircraft lost by XXI Bomber Command on a combat mission.

Seventh Air Force. United States Army Air Force (USAAF) B-24 Liberator heavy bombers from Saipan hit shipping at Chichi Jima and Haha Jima. A single heavy bomber on a snooper mission bombs Iwo Jima during 8-9 November 1944. P-47 Thunderbolt fighters attempt fighters sweep over Pagan but must abort because of bad weather.

Eleventh Air Force. An 8 aircraft shipping sweep is cancelled due to weather.

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Sources

The Second Great War.
Edited by Sir John Hamilton

The War Illustrated.
Edited by Sir John Hamilton

2194 Days Of War.
ISBN-10: 086136614X

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