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8th September 1944

WWII Timeline




Events On This Day

European Theatre of Operations (ETO). The first V-2 rocket fired in combat explodes in Paris suburb, the second strikes a London suburb a few hours later.

Eighth Air Force. Approximately 950 heavy bombers escorted by 7 P-51 Mustang fighter-bombers groups attack an oil refinery, marshalling yard, tank and armoured vehicle factory, and ordnance plant in the Rhineland, plus 11 targets. 22 heavy bombers are lost. 2 P-51 Mustang fighter-bombers groups strafe targets in Heidelberg, Darmstadt, Wurzburg and Frankfurt, Main Koblenz areas, while 5 fighter-bomber groups strafe and bomb rail transportation East of the Rhine. Over 100 B-24 Liberator heavy bombers fly 'trucking mission, carrying supplies to battle area.

Ninth Air Force. Weather prevents bomber missions. Fighters fly cover for troops in Brest area and for United States 2d, 5th, 8th, and 29th Infantry Divisions, and XX Corps area, escort troop movements and fly defensive patrols. Several hundred transports fly supply and evacuation missions.

Twelfth Air Force. United States Army Air Force (USAAF) A-20 Havoc light bombers fly supply missions to airfield near Lyon. Bad weather grounds medium bombers. P-47 Thunderbolt fighters fighter-bombers on armed reconnaissance in Po Valley area attack 2 pontoon bridges and several barges, cut a road, and hit several vehicles and other targets. Fighters strafe Belfort area, hitting 10 trains with good results, and blast a horse drawn vehicle convoy near Strasbourg.

Fifteenth Air Force. 354 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) B-17 Flying Fortress heavy bombers and B-24 Liberator heavy bombers escorted by P-38 Lightning fighters hit railroad bridges at Brod and Belgrade and marshalling yards at Sarajevo and Nish. 77 P-51 Mustang fighter-bombers strafe airfields at Ecka, Petrovgrad, Ilandza, and Alibunar. Other P-51 Mustang fighter-bombers escort The British Royal Air Force (RAF) Beaufighters to Trieste and Mediterranean Allied Tactical Air Force (MATAF) C-47 Skytrain transport aircraft on evacuation missions to Bucharest and back to Italy.

Tenth Air Force. 9 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) B-25 Mitchell medium bombers bomb Katha. 23 B-24 Liberator heavy bombers haul fuel to Kunming. Large-scale Troop Carrier operations to many China-Burma-India (CBI) terminals continue.

Fourteenth Air Force. 18 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) B-24 Liberator heavy bombers attack 5 railroad bridges at Giap Nat, Dui Giang, Hue, Trach, Duc Tho, and Quang Tri, knocking out Quang Tri bridge. 3 others claim a destroyer sunk South of Hong Kong. 5 B-25 Mitchell medium bombers destroy bridge near Kiyang, bomb Hengyang and Lingling, and damage bridge near Hengyang. 100 P-40 fighters and P-51 Mustang fighter-bombers on armed reconnaissance hit large variety of targets including troops, river shipping, bridges, airstrips, supplies, trucks, and railroad targets over vast Southeast China areas at Lingling, Kiyang, Tunganhsien, Hengyang, Lingkuantien, and Leiyang.

Far East Air Force (FEAF). United States Army Air Force (USAAF) B-24 Liberator heavy bombers pound Langoan airfield. B-25 Mitchell medium bombers hit Galela and Tobelo while B-24 Liberator heavy bombers bomb Lolobata and P-47 Thunderbolt fighters attack Kaoe airfield and antiaircraft positions, Djailolo airfield and barges at Point Lelo. B-24 Liberator heavy bombers bomb airfields at Langgoer, Faan, Letfoean, and Toeal. P-38 Lightning fighters hit Boela while B-25 Mitchell medium bombers hit small shipping at Ceram. Fighter-bombers and A-20 Havoc light bombers hit airstrips and targets at Efman, Samate, Babo, Urarom, Manokwari, Moemi, and Ranski. P-39 fighters strafe Wewak coastal area.

Twentieth Air Force. 90 Chengtu based United States Army Air Force (USAAF) B-29 Superfortress heavy bomber's bomb Showa Steel Works at Anshan, 3 others bomb other targets in Anshan, 5 hit Sinsiang railroad yards, and 3 others hit various targets. General LeMay (Commanding General, XX Bomber Command) accompanies the mission. During 8-9 September 1944, Japanese bombers attack Headquarters, storage areas, and parked aeroplanes at Hsinching (near Chengtu) damaging a B-29 Superfortress heavy bomber, a C-46, and wounding 2 soldiers.

Seventh Air Force. Saipan based United States Army Air Force (USAAF) B-24 Liberator heavy bombers bomb Iwo Jima and Pagan and hit shipping at Chichi Jima. B-25 Mitchell medium bombers from the Gilberts hit Ponape and B-24 Liberator heavy bombers from Kwajalein bomb Wotje.

V-2 rocket launched against England, hit Parndon Wood, near Epping.

R235 R-boat
Sunk 8 September 1944

R246 R-boat
Launched 8 September 1944

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V-2 rocket

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Sources

The Second Great War.
Edited by Sir John Hamilton

The War Illustrated.
Edited by Sir John Hamilton

2194 Days Of War.
ISBN-10: 086136614X

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