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12th April 1945

WWII Timeline




Events On This Day

President of the United States Franklin D. Roosevelt dies suddenly at Warm Springs, Georgia. Vice President Harry S. Truman becomes the 33rd President.

Eighth Air Force. 2 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) fighters groups escort medium bombers of Ninth Air Force in attack on ordnance depot.

Ninth Air Force. 167 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) medium bombers and light bombers attack Hof rail bridge, Kempten ordnance depot, and Goppingen marshalling yard, plus a town area and a casual target. Over 275 planes abort because of weather. Fighters escort 9th Bomber Division, attack town of Kothen, fly armed reconnaissance and sweeps over wide areas of Germany and support ground forces. Fighters also support United States III, XVI, and XVIII Corps as they continue to reduce the Ruhr pocket, 9th Armoured Division on Saale River near Werben and Bad Lauchstadt, XX Corps from Saale River North and South of Jena East across the Weisse Elster River, VIII Corps along the Saale further South of Jena, XII Corps Southeast of Coburg on Hasslach River, 2d Armoured Division across the Elbe River near Randau South of Magdeburg, 5th Armoured Division on West bank of the Elbe River at Wittenberge, and XVI Corps as it continues fighting in Duisburg and Dortmund areas.

Twelfth Air Force. United States Army Air Force (USAAF) light bombers, during 11-12 April 1945, hit Po River crossings, medium bombers, restricted by low clouds, bomb approaches to Maribor bridge, hit targets along Brenner rail line, and support British Eighth Army in Argenta area. Fighter-bombers attack Northeast Italian railroad lines, including fuel dumps and command targets in Po Valley.

Fifteenth Air Force. 400 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) heavy bombers hit command in North Italy and South Austria, attacking railroad bridges at Padua, Ponte di Piave, Nervesa della Bataglia, and Sankt Veit an der Glan, ammunition dump at Malcontenta, and supply dump at Peschiera del Garda. 124 P-51 Mustang fighter-bombers provide escort. 123 P-38 Lightning fighters bomb railroad bridges at Unzmarkt and Arnoldstein. 128 B-24 Liberator heavy bombers, with P-51 Mustang fighter-bombers escort, sent against North Italian command abort due to bad weather. 38 P-51 Mustang fighter-bombers escort Mediterranean Allied Tactical Air Force (MATAF) B-25 Mitchell medium bombers on raids in North Yugoslavia.

Tenth Air Force. 75 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) fighter-bombers continue to pound targets in Central Burma battle area. Troop concentrations, gun positions, supplies, vehicles, and general targets are attacked along battlefront, behind enemy lines, and along roads South of bomb line. 369 air supply sorties are flown throughout the day.

Fourteenth Air Force. 12 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) B-24 Liberator heavy bombers supported by 14 P-51 Mustang fighter-bombers, bomb Wuchang railroad yards and airfield. 7 B-25 Mitchell medium bombers bomb Hsuchang railroad yards, 3 hit Loning, 2 attack Likuanchiao, 2 bomb Tenghsien, and single B-25 Mitchell medium bombers attack storage areas at Pingyao and Huaiching. 100 fighter-bombers attack troops, horses, bridges, river shipping, trucks, and railroad targets at several locations in Indochina and at points scattered over South and East China.

Far East Air Force (FEAF). United States Army Air Force (USAAF) P-38 Lightning fighters and A-20 Havoc light bombers support ground troops on Cebu and Negros. B-24 Liberator heavy bombers bomb Sapakan, Kabacan, and Davao Bay areas. P-38 Lightning fighters hit Cotabato and also Kabacan. Other B-24 Liberator heavy bombers, B-25 Mitchell medium bombers, A-20 Havoc light bombers, and fighter-bombers pound targets throughout Cagayan Valley, blast defences at Balete Pass and in Baguio area, and hit troops, command targets, and defences at numerous points in South West and Southeast Luzon. B-24 Liberator heavy bombers attack Tainan and bomb Okayama airfield.

Twentieth Air Force. 94 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) B-29 Superfortress heavy bomber's strike Nakajima aircraft factory at Tokyo while 11 hit secondary target of Shizuoka engine plant. Very heavy bomber gunners claim 16 fighters downed. 130 other B-29 Superfortress heavy bomber's bomb 2 chemical p]ants at Koriyama. 32 more very heavy bombers hit various targets. During 12-13 April 1945, 5 B-29 Superfortress heavy bomber's mine Shimonoseki Strait. Fighters from VII Fighter Command escorting the daylight operations over Tokyo area claim 15 aircraft downed.

Seventh Air Force. 24 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) B-24 Liberator heavy bombers, based on Angaur hit personnel area at Kabacan. During 12-13 April 1945, 6 Iwo based fighters, operating singly at intervals, bomb and strafe targets at Kita, Chichi, Haha, and Ani Jima.

Eleventh Air Force. United States Army Air Force (USAAF) P-38 Lightning fighters shoot down paper bomb balloons over Attu.

Go To: 13th April
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Sources

The Second Great War.
Edited by Sir John Hamilton

The War Illustrated.
Edited by Sir John Hamilton

2194 Days Of War.
ISBN-10: 086136614X

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