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15th April 1945

WWII Timeline




Events On This Day

Eighth Air Force. The sole operational employment of napalm bomb by Eighth Air Force is carried out against German ground installations pillboxes, gun pits, tank trenches, and heavy gun emplacements in defensive pocket at Royan by nearly 850 heavy bombers. Results are negligible and Headquarters recommends its discontinuance against this type of target. A total of 16 defensive installations on Gironde estuary are bombed by 1,280 heavy bombers supporting assault by French ground troops under 6th Army Group. 2 fighters groups escort Ninth Air Force medium bombers attacking Ulm marshalling yard.

Ninth Air Force. 268 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) B-26 Marauder medium bombers and A-26 Invader light bombers bomb marshalling yards at Gunzburg and Ulrn primary targets and several other targets including 3 marshalling yards. Fighters escort 9th Bomber Division, fly patrols and armed reconnaissance, and support United States 3d Armoured Division near Dessau and across Mulde River near Torten, 9th Armoured Division along Mulde River North West of Borna, VIII Corps along Weisse Elster River between Gera and Plauen, XX Corps astride the Mulde River Northeast of Chemnitz where 6th Armoured Division awaits Red Army forces, and 2d Armoured Division on Elbe River near Magdeburg.

Twelfth Air Force. During 14-15 April 1945, United States Army Air Force (USAAF) light bombers concentrate on command targets in Po Valley, particularly the Po crossings. During the day medium bombers and fighter-bombers concentrate on direct support of United States Fifth and British Eighth Army drives, hitting troop concentrations, guns, strong points, and a variety of targets in areas South of Bologna, around Medicina and Sasso Marconi, and at other points in battle areas.

Fifteenth Air Force. 830 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) B-17 Flying Fortress heavy bombers and B-24 Liberator heavy bombers, in support of United States Fifth Army, blast gun positions, supply dumps, troop concentrations, maintenance installations, and Wehrmacht Headquarters along highways leading from Bologna. 145 P-38 Lightning fighters furnish escort. Another force of 312 B-17 Flying Fortress heavy bombers and B-24 Liberator heavy bombers bomb rail diversion bridges at Nervesa della Battaglia, Ponte di Piave, and Casarsa della Delizia, and ammunition factory and stores at Ghedi. 191 P-51 Mustang fighter-bombers provide escort. 36 P-38 Lightning fighters and 36 P-51 Mustang fighter-bombers strafe rail command in area bounded by Munich, Salzburg, Linz, Plzen, and Regensburg. 12 of the P-38 Lightning fighters skip bomb rail targets in Salzburg, Linz area, including Vocklabruck marshalling yard. 8 P-38 Lightning fighters furnish top cover for the strafing missions. 128 P-51 Mustang fighter-bombers provide uneventful escort for Mediterranean Allied Tactical Air Force (MATAF) bombers on 3 missions to North Italy. Other P-38 Lightning fighters and P-51 Mustang fighter-bombers carry out reconnaissance and reconnaissance escort operations. Today's effort is the largest of the Second World War by Fifteenth Air Force most fighters and terms dispatched and attacking, and largest bomb tonnage dropped during a 24 hour period. 1,142 heavy bombers bomb targets.

Tenth Air Force. 62 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) P-38 Lightning fighters and P-47 Thunderbolt fighters attack troop concentrations and supply areas at Loi-Mwe, Lawksawk Thongdan, and near Laihka. 312 transport sorties are flown to forward areas.

Fourteenth Air Force. 3 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) B-25 Mitchell medium bombers knock out Pa Ching pontoon bridge, 7 pound storage depot at Fang-cheng, 4 bomb Tunganhsien, and 3 hit Paoching. 1 B-24 Liberator heavy bombers bombs Canton docks. Almost 200 fighter-bombers ranging over all of South China and up into the North China plain hit numerous targets including bridges, river shipping, town areas, trucks, railroad traffic, gun positions, storage areas, and general targets. Paoching, Hengyang, Yungfengshih, and Hsihhsiassuchi areas are especially hard hit.

Far East Air Force (FEAF). On Formosa United States Army Air Force (USAAF) B-24 Liberator heavy bombers bomb Toyohara, Shinchiku, and Shinshoshi airfields. B-25 Mitchell medium bombers hit Shoka rail yards. B-24 Liberator heavy bombers and fighter-bombers bomb island fortifications in Manila Bay, fighter-bombers hit bivouacs and other targets in North Luzon and support ground forces East of Manila and on Carabao Island. Fighter-bombers and B-24 Liberator heavy bombers fly support missions for ground forces on Negros and Cebu. B-24 Liberator heavy bombers bomb Davao area and B-25 Mitchell medium bombers join Marine aircraft in hitting highways and vehicles.

Twentieth Air Force. During 15-16 April 1945,, 194 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) B-29 Superfortress heavy bomber's strike Kawasaki urban area while 109 hit urban area of Tokyo.

Eleventh Air Force. A United States Army Air Force (USAAF) B-24 Liberator heavy bombers flies weather reconnaissance.

M368 Minesweeper
Sunk 15 April 1945

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Sources

The Second Great War.
Edited by Sir John Hamilton

The War Illustrated.
Edited by Sir John Hamilton

2194 Days Of War.
ISBN-10: 086136614X

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