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16th April 1945

WWII Timeline




Events On This Day

Battle of Berlin begins

Eighth Air Force. During morning 486 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) B-17 Flying Fortress heavy bombers bomb tank ditch defensive line at Pointe de Grave on South side of Gironde estuary in support of ground assault in that area. In the afternoon 715 heavy bombers bomb marshalling yards at Plattling, Regensburg, and Landshut, and rail bridges and siding at Regensburg and Straubing. 15 fighters groups provide uneventful close and area support and then strafe over 40 landing grounds and installations in Czechoslovakia and Germany, claiming a record 747 parked fighters destroyed. 34 fighters are downed mostly by automatic antiaircraft weapons.

Ninth Air Force. Approximately 450 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) medium bombers and light bombers bomb Zerbst command centre, Gunzenhausen marshalling yard, Kempten ordnance depot, and Wittenberg marshalling yard and gun positions. IX Tactical Air Command's fighters claim 25 air victories during the day as they escort 9th Bomber Division, fly patrols, area cover, and armed reconnaissance, attack airfields and other targets, and support United States 3rd Armoured Division South West of Dessau, 9th Armoured Division in Rennewitz, Colditz area along the Mulde River, XX Corps which remains at Zuickauer Mulde River bridgehead Northeast of Chemnitz, VIII Corps crossing Weisse Elster River between Gera and Plauen, 2d Armoured Division on the Elbe River near Magdeburg, XIX Corps East of Barby, and V Corps near Leipzig. The 354th Fighter Group the pioneer P-51 Mustang fighter-bombers group of the Ninth Air Force claims its 900th air victory.

Twelfth Air Force. During 15-16 April 1945, United States Army Air Force (USAAF) light bombers hit Po River crossings, towns of Vignola, Zocca, and Sassuolo, and several targets in Po V alley. During the day medium bombers bomb bridges on Reno River near Bologna, blast troop reserve areas Southeast of Portomaggiore on British Eighth Army front, and attack troop concentrations South of Portomaggiore. Fighters and fighter-bombers concentrate most of their effort on close support targets in United States Fifth Army battle area South and South West of Bologna.

Fifteenth Air Force. 98 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) B-24 Liberator heavy bombers bomb positions South West of Bologna. 102 P-51 Mustang fighter-bombers fly escort. Almost 700 B-24 Liberator heavy bombers and B-17 Flying Fortress heavy bombers abort due to bad weather. 36 P-51 Mustang fighter-bombers sweep areas South of Munich, Plzen, and Linz. 4 strafe airfields East of Munich. Other P-51 Mustang fighter-bombers and P-38 Lightning fighters fly escort and reconnaissance missions.

Tenth Air Force. 22 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) fighter-bombers pound troop concentrations in Ke-hsi Mansam vicinity. 19 others attack road bridges behind enemy lines, claiming 1 bridge destroyed. Air transport operations to forward areas continue on steady basis.

Fourteenth Air Force. 18 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) B-24 Liberator heavy bombers pound storage area at Linfen. 3 bomb targets in Bakli Bay and Canton areas. 10 B-25 Mitchell medium bombers bomb Yungfengshih, Kweilin, and Shanhsien, knocking out 1 bridge and hitting buildings, river shipping, and rail traffic. About 120 fighter-bombers over South and East China hit river, road, and rail traffic, town areas, troops, and general targets at many scattered locations.

Far East Air Force (FEAF). United States Army Air Force (USAAF) B-25 Mitchell medium bombers hit Taien airfield, while B-24 Liberator heavy bombers and P-51 Mustang fighter-bombers bomb Giran and Matsuyama airfields and nearby areas. Fighter-bombers hit North Luzon bivouacs and other targets and support strikes and sweeps are flown over Cebu, Negros, and Mindanao with B-25 Mitchell medium bombers hitting highways on Mindanao, B-24 Liberator heavy bombers hit defences at Carabao Island. P-38 Lightning fighters pound Lingkas Tank Farm and other targets at Tarakan. During 15-16 April 1945, B-24 Liberator heavy bombers bomb Taihoku.

Seventh Air Force. 18 Guam based United States Army Air Force (USAAF) B-24 Liberator heavy bombers pound Marcus. 2 P-61 Black Widow, night fighters from Saipan bomb and strafe Pagan.

VII Fighter Command. In first very long range fighters operations from Iwo Jima, VII Fighter Command P-51 Mustang fighter-bombers with B-29 Superfortress heavy bomber navigational escort from Twentieth Air Force, strafe and bomb targets at Kanoya. B-25 Mitchell medium bombers continue to furnish navigational escort in all subsequent VII Fighter Command strikes through 14 August 1945 on Japan from Iwo Jima.

Eleventh Air Force. United States Army Air Force (USAAF) B-25 Mitchell medium bombers abort mission to bomb Hayakegawa because of weather front. 6 B-24 Liberator heavy bombers radar bomb Kataoka naval base. Another B-24 Liberator heavy bombers flies a radar ferret sortie.

Goya Troop Ship
Sunk 16 April 1945

R15 R-boat
Sunk 16 April 1945

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Sources

The Second Great War.
Edited by Sir John Hamilton

The War Illustrated.
Edited by Sir John Hamilton

2194 Days Of War.
ISBN-10: 086136614X

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