Wehrmacht History 1935 to 1945

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16th July 1945

WWII Timeline




Events On This Day

Conference opens at Potsdam to draw up terms for Japanese surrender and to discuss military and political problems connected with the ending of hostilities.

The first atomic bomb is successfully exploded at Los Alamos.

Eighth Air Force. Headquarters Eighth Air Force issues its last movement order in European Theatre of Operations (ETO). After much reorganisation and redeployment of units, Headquarters relieves VIII Fighter Command from assignment to Eighth Air Force and directs Headquarters and Headquarters Squadron to move from Charleroi back to United Kingdom the unit moves to High Wycombe the following day, 17 July 1945 where VIII Fighter Command is to assume control over all Eighth Air Force units remaining in United Kingdom. Headquarters Eighth Air Force is transferred without personnel, equipment, or combat elements to Okinawa, where Eighth and Twentieth Air Forces are to comprise United States Army Strategic Air Forces in the Pacific (USASTAF) under command of General Spuatz. By this date over 90,000 persons (more than 50 per cent of the Eighth's strength on 30 April 1945) have been redeployed to United States, North Africa, and various parts of European Theatre of Operations (ETO).

Army Air Force, India-Burma Theatre. General Hanley assumes command of Army Air Force, India-Burma Theatre.

Fourteenth Air Force. 5 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) B-25 Mitchell medium bombers pound enemy truck convoys moving supplies through Siang Chiang Valley and South of Kweilin. 60 P-51 Mustang fighter-bombers, P-38 Lightning fighters, and P-47 Thunderbolt fighters continue to hit river, road, and rail traffic, bridges, troops, supplies, and other targets at many points in Indochina and South and East China.

Far East Air Force (FEAF). United States Army Air Force (USAAF) B-24 Liberator heavy bombers bomb warehouses at Watampone. P-51 Mustang fighter-bombers and B-25 Mitchell medium bombers support ground forces in Kiangan Baguio sector and area East of Manila. P-51 Mustang fighter-bombers on sweep of Formosa attack command targets, hitting railroad station and locomotive shed at Byoritsu and scoring direct hit on bridge South West of Koryu. B-24 Liberator heavy bombers, A-26 Invader light bombers, B-25 Mitchell medium bombers, P-51 Mustang fighter-bombers and P-47 Thunderbolt fighters from Okinawa and Ie Shima pound Kyushu. P-51 Mustang fighter-bombers hit several East coast targets, concentrating in Kagoshima Bay area. 27 A-26 Invader light bombers, 1 B-24 Liberator heavy bombers, and 39 P-47 Thunderbolt fighters hit airfields and bridge at Miyazaki; 33 B-24 Liberator heavy bombers bomb bridges at Nobeoka; 36 B-25 Mitchell medium bombers, a B-24 Liberator heavy bombers and an A-26 Invader light bombers pound Sadohara bridge; 6 B-24 Liberator heavy bombers bomb harbour and town of Aburatsu; and 5 P-47 Thunderbolt fighters hit Yanagawa.

Twentieth Air Force. Headquarters is officially moved to Harmon Field, Guam. XX Bomber Command is inactivated, effective 18 July 1945, and Headquarters and Headquarters Squadron, XXI Bomber Command is redesignated Headquarters Squadron, Twentieth Air Force. Thus the Bomber Commands are brought to an end as actual establishments. Their was pass to direct control of Headquarters, Twentieth Air Force of which General LeMay takes command on this date. During 16-17 July 1945, 466 B-29 Superfortress heavy bomber's drop incendiary bombs on Numazu, Oita, Kuwana, and Hiratsuka.

VII Fighter Command. United States Army Air Force (USAAF) fighters based on Iwo Jima fly over 100 effective sorties against targets (mainly airfields) at Kameyama, Kiyosu, Komaki, Okazaki, Suzuko, and Akenogahara. 22 air victories are claimed.

Eleventh Air Force. 2 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) B-24 Liberator heavy bombers fly a negative shipping search mission to Shimushiru Island. 4 B-25 Mitchell medium bombers on enemy shipping sweep deck level bomb and strafe enemy freighter. 3 of the bombers then bomb and strafe Torishima Islands (secondary) .

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Sources

The Second Great War.
Edited by Sir John Hamilton

The War Illustrated.
Edited by Sir John Hamilton

2194 Days Of War.
ISBN-10: 086136614X

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