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18th March 1945

WWII Timeline




Events On This Day

Eighth Air Force. 1,251 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) heavy bombers attack 2 rail centres and 2 tank and armament plants in Berlin area, along with several targets including 2 marshalling yards, 3 town areas, and an industrial area near Berlin secondary target. 14 P-51 Mustang fighter-bombers groups fly 645 effective supporting sorties.

Ninth Air Force. 660 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) medium bombers and light bombers hit marshalling yards at Wetalar, Worms, Kreuztal, and Bad Durkheim, command centre at Bad Durkheim, and 4 town areas with aim of hampering enemy movement. Fighters escort 9th Bomber Division, attack assigned targets, fly patrols, and armed reconnaissance, and co-operate with United States III Corps of Remagen, with XII Corps as it begins assault toward Mainz, Worms sector of the Rhine, and with XX Corps as it moves rapidly eastward through Sankt Wendel area toward Kaiserslautern.

Twelfth Air Force. During 17-18 March 1945, United States Army Air Force (USAAF) A-20 Havoc light bombers and A-26 Invader light bombers continue intruder missions in Po Valley, concentrating on Po River crossings. B-25 Mitchell medium bombers bomb railroad bridges at Bozzolo, and Palazzuolo sull' Oglio, railroad fill at Salorno, and causeway at Mantua. Fighters and fighter-bombers hit dumps and support ground forces South of Bologna, and attack command targets over wide areas of Po Valley. The most devastating raid of the day is flown against Novara marshalling yard where 14 locomotives are destroyed.

Fifteenth Air Force. Bad weather limits operations to reconnaissance and supply missions, a fighter-bomber attack by P-38 Lightning fighters on Varazdin railroad bridge, after which many of the P-38 Lightning fighters strafe railroad command in Zagreb, Varazdin, Maribor, and Villach areas, and a strafing mission against rail command and airfields in Graz, Wiener Neustadt, Maribor, and Szombathely areas.

Tenth Air Force. 12 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) P-47 Thunderbolt fighters support Chinese ground forces near Hsipaw. 8 others support British 36th Division troops by dropping napalm Northeast of Mogok. 11 B-25 Mitchell medium bombers and 20 fighter-bombers hit troop concentrations and supplies immediately behind the battlefront. Roads South of bomb line are swept by 16 P-38 Lightning fighters. Transports continue steady operations.

Fourteenth Air Force. 6 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) B-24 Liberator heavy bombers sweep Gulf of Tonkin and South China Sea, claiming 1 freighter damaged. 2 P-51 Mustang fighter-bombers over North Indochina strafe trucks, troops, horse and carts.

Far East Air Force (FEAF). In South Luzon heavy bombers, United States Army Air Force (USAAF) A-20 Havoc light bombers, and fighters support ground forces by hitting Ipo area and various targets in Batangas Province. B-24 Liberator heavy bombers again bomb Bacolod, hit several targets on Cebu, and bomb Sepinggang and Jesselton airfields. Airfield at Tainan, seaplane base at Takao, and emergency field at Koshun are also hit.

Twentieth Air Force. During 18-19 March 1945, 290 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) XXI Bomber Command B-29 Superfortress heavy bomber's continue fire raids on Japanese cities, bombing Nagoya from 4,500 to 9,000 ft with incendiaries for the second time this month. This mission ends the March fire raids.

Seventh Air Force. 16 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) P-51 Mustang fighter-bombers from Iwo Jima dive-bomb radar and radio installations and barges at Chichi Jima. 14 B-24 Liberator heavy bombers from Guam pound Susaki airfield. 1 other hits Haha Jima. During 18-19 March 1945, 5 more heavy bombers individually strike Susaki.

Eleventh Air Force. A weather sortie is flown.

V-2 rocket launched against England, hit West Ham.

V-2 rocket launched against England, hit Cranham.

V-2 rocket launched against England, hit Battlesbridge.

V-2 rocket launched against England, hit Epping.

V-2 rocket launched against England, hit Ightham.

V-2 rocket launched against England, hit Aylesford.

V-2 rocket launched against England, hit Hutton.

V-2 rocket launched against England, hit Barking.

V-2 rocket launched against England, hit Marble Arch.

R227 R-boat
Sunk 18 March 1945

Go To: 19th March
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V-2 rocket

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Sources

The Second Great War.
Edited by Sir John Hamilton

The War Illustrated.
Edited by Sir John Hamilton

2194 Days Of War.
ISBN-10: 086136614X

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