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19th April 1945

WWII Timeline




Events On This Day

Eighth Air Force. More than 550 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) heavy bombers hit 3 marshalling yards, rail bridge, rail junction and other railroad facilities in Southeast Germany and North West Czechoslovakia. 11 fighters groups give close and area support, encountering over 30 Luftwaffe fighters and claiming 12 destroyed, including several jets.

Ninth Air Force. United States Army Air Force (USAAF) 9th Bomber Division hits marshalling yards at Ulm, Neu Ulm, and Gunzburg primary targets, city of Donauworth and target at Schelklingen. Weather prevents over 70 of the 450 dispatched aircraft from bombing targets. Fighters fly escort to 9th Bomber Division, carry out patrols and armed reconnaissance, bomb radio station, and co-operate with United States VII Corps in Halle, Dessau area, XII Corps attacking Southeast from South of Bayreuth, XX Corps in Bamberg, Nurnberg area, preparing to drive toward Austria, and XIX Corps along the Elbe River in Magdeburg area.

Twelfth Air Force. During 18-19 April 1945, United States Army Air Force (USAAF) light bombers bomb roads, vehicles, and lights in Bologna, Turin, Milan, and Mantua areas, and continuing to pound Po River crossings, hit 8 bridges. Medium bombers bomb bridges in Brenner Pass and support ground forces at several points including Budrio, Vignola, and San Martino in Soverzano areas. Fighter-bombers hit dumps, command, and close support targets in United States Fifth Army battle areas South and West of Bologna.

Fifteenth Air Force. 619 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) heavy bombers attack rail command in South Germany, Austria, and North Italy, bombing Rattenberg railroad bridge and marshalling yards at Lienz, Klagenfurt, Bischofshofen, Linz and Rosenheim, Avisio viaduct, Vipiteno railroad bridge, antiaircraft batteries near Grisolera and Santo Stino di Livenza, and several minor targets. 78 P-38 Lightning fighters dive-bomb marshalling yard at Weilheim. Other P-38 Lightning fighters and P-51 Mustang fighter-bombers fly reconnaissance and reconnaissance escort, and escort Mediterranean Allied Tactical Air Force (MATAF) B-25 Mitchell medium bombers and C-47 Skytrain transport aircraft.

Tenth Air Force. 14 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) P-38 Lightning fighters hit supplies near Paklu, fuel dump at Hainang, and bridges near Kunna. 1 bridge is knocked out. 6 other P-38 Lightning fighters attack targets along roads behind enemy lines. Air supply operations continue as 800 tons of supplies are landed or dropped in forward areas.

Fourteenth Air Force. 12 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) B-24 Liberator heavy bombers bomb railway repair shops at Taiynan. 3 others attack Bakli Bay targets, 8 B-25 Mitchell medium bombers attack bridges and rail and road traffic North and Northeast of Anyang and Northeast of Taiku, damaging or destroying several locomotives and numerous boxcars. 100 P-40 fighters, P-51 Mustang fighter-bombers, and P-47 Thunderbolt fighters attack town areas, troops, river, road, and rail traffic, and general targets all over South and East China and hit a few targets in North Indochina.

Far East Air Force (FEAF). United States Army Air Force (USAAF) B-24 Liberator heavy bombers over Formosa bomb Tainan airfield and Shinchiku town. Numerous missions are flown in support of ground forces on Luzon, Cebu, and Negros. Other B-24 Liberator heavy bombers bomb personnel areas at Kabacan, Cagayan, and along Davao River. Tarakan on Borneo is hit by light B-25 Mitchell medium bombers strike while B-24 Liberator heavy bombers returning from Indochina coastal sweep bomb Sandakan. B-25 Mitchell medium bombers, with P-51 Mustang fighter-bombers cover, hit Haimi.

Seventh Air Force. 8 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) P-51 Mustang fighter-bombers from Iwo Jima bomb and strafe Futamiko. 25 B-24 Liberator heavy bombers, based in the Palaus bomb nearby Arakabesan and Koror. 17 B-24 Liberator heavy bombers from Guam hit Dublon, Fefan, and Eten. During 19-20 April 1945, 6 P-61 Black Widow, night fighters from Iwo Jima, operating singly and at intervals, bomb and strafe Chichi, Haha, and Muko Jima.

VII Fighter Command. United States Army Air Force (USAAF) fighters from Iwo Jima carry out 106 effective strike sorties against Atsugi Yokosuka area. 24 aeroplanes are claimed destroyed in the air and 14 on the ground.

Eleventh Air Force. 8 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) B-25 Mitchell medium bombers off to bomb Kuril targets abort due to weather.

M403 Minesweeper
Sunk, 19 April 1945

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Sources

The Second Great War.
Edited by Sir John Hamilton

The War Illustrated.
Edited by Sir John Hamilton

2194 Days Of War.
ISBN-10: 086136614X

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