Wehrmacht History 1935 to 1945

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19th February 1945

WWII Timeline




Events On This Day

Eighth Air Force. Almost 1,100 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) heavy bombers attack primary targets; 3 benzol plants at Bochum and Gelsenkirchen, oil refinery at Dortmund, tank plant near Siegen, marshalling yards at Siegen, Rheine, Munster, and Osnabruck, and Wesel rail bridge, plus Haselunne and Haltern. 8 fighters groups fly escort and strafe rail traffic. 4 other fighters groups effectively strafe rail and road transportation in Hannover, Brunswick, and Magdeburg areas.

Ninth Air Force. United States Army Air Force (USAAF) 9th Bomber Division B-26 Marauder medium bombers, A-26 Invader light bombers, and A-20 Havoc light bombers, strike Mechernich prime mover depot, rail bridges at Pracht, Niederscheld, and Neuwied, Irlich, Wiesbaden ordnance depot, and 4 targets. Fighters escort 9th Bomber Division, attack railroads and bridges, fly armed reconnaissance and alerts, and co-operate with VIII, XII, and XX Corps East of Our River, between Westwall and Prum River, and in the Saar-Mosel triangle.

Twelfth Air Force. General Morris takes command of XII Air Force Services Command designated the III Air Service Area Command). Bad weather grounds medium bombers. Fighter-bombers, some bombing by radar control because of heavy clouds, attack command and dumps in West Po Valley and Northeast Italy, and claim several rail line cuts in Brenner area.

Fifteenth Air Force. During 18-19 February 1945, 11 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) B-24 Liberator heavy bombers drop supplies in North Italy. During the day almost 500 B-24 Liberator heavy bombers and B-17 Flying Fortress heavy bombers, escorted by about 220 P-51 Mustang fighter-bombers and P-38 Lightning fighters, bomb 2 marshalling yards and South station area in Vienna, marshalling yards at Klagenfurt, Graz, Bruck an der Mur, and Maribor, shipyards in Fiume, and Pula harbour and military installations. 51 P-51 Mustang fighter-bombers strafe rail and river traffic and airfields between Linz and Vienna and in Graz area. Other P-51 Mustang fighter-bombers and P-38 Lightning fighters fly escort and reconnaissance missions.

Tenth Air Force. 24 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) B-25 Mitchell medium bombers and 31 P-47 Thunderbolt fighters fly close support strikes in Mongmit-Myitson area. 70 fighter-bombers hit troop concentrations, supplies, and villages behind the battle line in Central Burma. Heavy transport operations continue.

Fourteenth Air Force. 14 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) P-51 Mustang fighter-bombers and P-40 fighters blast rail and river traffic at Chiuchiang, Hsuchang, Lung Hai, and Tsinpu.

Far East Air Force (FEAF). United States Army Air Force (USAAF) B-24 Liberator heavy bombers bomb Koshun, Heito, and Takao airfields. Medium bombers and fighters on sweeps over the island attack a large number of targets including trains parked aeroplanes, buildings, and coastal vessels. In Central Phil, United States Marine Corps (USMC) Corsairs under tactical command of Thirteenth Air Force fly napalm strikes against airfields and other targets. Fighters, B-25 Mitchell medium bombers, and A-20 Havoc light bombers continue to support ground forces at San Augustin, Carranglen, Balete Pass, and Bataan Peninsula and bomb Japanese held sectors on Corregidor. B-24 Liberator heavy bombers bomb Miri airfield.

Thirteenth Air Force. General Wurtsmith becomes Commanding General Thirteenth Air Force.

Twentieth Air Force. Approximately 50 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) B-29 Superfortress heavy bomber's bomb Central Railroad Repair Shops at Kuala Lumpur, some bombing from only 1,000 ft. 4 other very heavy bombers hit alternates of Alor Star airfield, and marshalling yard at Martaban. 150 B-29 Superfortress heavy bomber's are airborne against Musashino aircraft plant hoping to draw air reinforcements away from Iwo Jima which United States Marines invade. Thick clouds completely cover the primary so 119 B-29 Superfortress heavy bomber's bomb port and urban area of Tokyo. 12 others hit last resort targets and targets. 6 B-29 Superfortress heavy bomber's are lost. United States gunners claim 39 fighters downed.

Seventh Air Force. 44 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) B-24 Liberator heavy bombers from Saipan are sent against Iwo Jima. 14 pound defensive positions and bivouac and storage areas little more than an hr before elements of United States 4th and 5th Marine Divisions make amphibious landing on Southeast coast at 0900. The other 30 heavy bombers abort because of cloud cover, mechanical trouble, or arrival over target too late to make a bomb run. 26 B-24 Liberator heavy bombers from Angaur bomb Likanan airfield. During 19-20 February 1945, 8 Saipan based B-24 Liberator heavy bombers fly individual heckler strikes over Chichi Jima.

Eleventh Air Force. 6 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) B-24 Liberator heavy bombers fly photo reconnaissance over Shimushu and bomb Kurabu Cape airfield. 6 fighters intercept; the B-24 Liberator heavy bombers claim 4 damaged. 4 B-25 Mitchell medium bombers weather-abort a mission to hit targets along the Hayakegawa River.

V-2 rocket launched against England, hit Ilford.

V-2 rocket launched against England, hit East Anglian Coast.

V-2 rocket launched against England, hit Abbess Roding.

V-2 rocket launched against England, hit Epping Forest.

V-2 rocket launched against England, hit Wanstead / Woodford.

V-2 rocket launched against England, hit Crayford.

V-2 rocket launched against England, hit Woolwich.

V-2 rocket launched against England, hit Greenwich.

V-2 rocket launched against England, hit near Clacton.

V-2 rocket launched against England, hit Walthamstow.

V-2 rocket launched against England, hit Stoke.

V-2 rocket launched against England, hit Laindon.

Go To: 20th February
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V-2 rocket

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Sources

The Second Great War.
Edited by Sir John Hamilton

The War Illustrated.
Edited by Sir John Hamilton

2194 Days Of War.
ISBN-10: 086136614X

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