Eighth Air Force. 1,223 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) heavy bombers attack
marshalling yards at Fulda and Plauen, industrial areas around military vehicle
and optical works at Jena and Zwickau, airfields and jet aircraft plants at Neuburg
an der Donau, Baumenheim, and Leipheim, and industrial and city areas at Plauen
and Saalfeld. P-51 Mustang fighter-bombers fly 606 effective sorties in support
of heavy bombers. Over 100 fighters, including 36 jets in formation largest number
yet seen as a unit are encountered. United States fighters claim 42 fighters destroyed
including 3 jets.
Ninth Air Force. United States Army Air Force (USAAF)
9th Bomber Division strikes 2 marshalling yards, 5 rail bridges, command centre
and several casual targets as part of interdiction program to impede enemy movement.
Fighters escort 9th Bomber Division, fly patrols and armed reconnaissance, support
United States III Corps West of Remagen, co-operates with XII Corps' 4th Armoured
Division East of Kaiserslautern as it drives toward the Rhine. Fighter-bombers
of XIX Tactical Air Command, on special mission, bomb Headquarters of commander-in-chief
West Field Marshall Gerd
Twelfth Air Force. United States Army
Air Force (USAAF) XXII Tactical Air Command light bombers strike heavily against
general movement in Po Valley during 18
March 1945, and are followed during day by fighters and fighter-bomber attacks
on command in Central Po Valley and Northeast Italy where numerous rail cuts are
made, 3 bridges damaged, and several supply dumps hit. Medium bombers damage bridge
at Muhldorf, bridges and fills at Perca, and at 7 other locations on the North
Italian approaches to Brenner Pass.
Fifteenth Air Force. 800 United States
Army Air Force (USAAF) heavy bombers, with fighters escorts, hit marshalling yards
at Landshut, Passau, Sankt Veit an der Glan, Lambach, Muhldorf, Plattling, Garching
an der Alz, Klagenfurt, and Altenmarkt an der Alz. 54 P-51 Mustang fighter-bombers
strafe railroads in the heavy bomber target areas. 36 P-38 Lightning fighters
bomb Varazdin marshalling yard. B-24 Liberator heavy bombers drop supplies in
Yugoslavia while P-38 Lightning fighters and P-51 Mustang fighter-bombers fly
reconnaissance and escort.
Tenth Air Force. 24 United States Army Air
Force (USAAF) P-38 Lightning fighters support forces of Chinese 50th Division
near Hsipaw. 12 P-38 Lightning fighters sweep roads South of bomb line while 27
P-47 Thunderbolt fighters operating over and behind enemy lines hit troop concentrations
and supplies at Namlan, Namio, and Nam-maw-long and Japanese held monastery at
Nammaw-long. Transports fly 502 sorties to forward areas.
Air Force. 5 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) B-24 Liberator heavy bombers
on sweep over South China Sea and Gulf of Tonkin claim a large freighter sunk.
4 P-38 Lightning fighters strafe trucks from Son La to Hoa Binh.
East Air Force (FEAF). United States Army Air Force (USAAF) B-24 Liberator heavy
bombers and fighter-bombers again hit installations in North Luzon. B-24 Liberator
heavy bombers hit variety of targets on Cebu including town of Minglanilla.
Seventh Air Force. 16 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) P-51 Mustang fighter-bombers
from Iwo Jima bomb and strafe Susaki airfield, radio installation, and storage
area on Chichi Jima. 12 Guam based B-24 Liberator heavy bombers follow up with
another attack on the airfield and radio installations later in the day. During
March 1945, Susaki is hit
again by 5 B-24 Liberator heavy bombers flying separate snooper strikes.
Eleventh Air Force. 5 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) B-24 Liberator heavy
bombers bomb and photograph Kashiwabara naval base. 8 B-25 Mitchell medium bombers
bomb canneries along the Masugawa and Asahigawa Rivers. Adolf
on 19 March 1945, orders that all industries, military installations,
machine shops, transportation facilities and communications facilities in Germany
be destroyed. V-2 rocket
launched against England, hit Theydon Garnon. V-2
launched against England, hit near Harlow. V-2
launched against England, hit South Hornchurch. V-2
launched against England, hit Nutfield. V-2
launched against England, hit Wargrave. V-2
launched against England, hit Erith. V-2
launched against England, hit Woolwich. V-2
launched against England, hit Theydon Bois. V-2
launched against England, hit Hatfield Broad Oak. Go To:
20th March Articles:
Edited by Sir John Hamilton
The War Illustrated.
by Sir John Hamilton
2194 Days Of War.
For a complete list of sources