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21st March 1945

WWII Timeline




Events On This Day

Eighth Air Force. Preparatory air operations for forthcoming (23 March 1945) crossing of lower Rhine River by allied ground forces begin. 1,254 heavy bombers in conjunction with aircraft of The British Royal Air Force (RAF) and Ninth Air Force attacking other targets bomb 10 airfields in North West Germany, tank factory at Plauen and marshalling yard at Reichenbach during morning raid. During afternoon 90 B-24 Liberator heavy bombers bomb Mulheim an der Ruhr airfield. Fighters fly nearly 750 effective sorties in support of the 2 operations.

Ninth Air Force. 580 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) A-20 Havoc light bombers, A-26 Invader light bombers, and B-26 Marauder medium bombers strike 6 command centres and a marshalling yard East of the Rhine River along with several casual targets in interdiction campaign to obstruct enemy movement. Fighters fly patrols and armed reconnaissance, attack railroads and bridges, support United States VII Corps as its units reach Sieg River near Siegburg, co-operate with XII Corps as more of its elements reach the Rhine at various points between Boppard and Worms, and support XX Corps as additional units reach the Rhine between Worms and Mannheim.

Twelfth Air Force. United States Army Air Force (USAAF) light bombers continue to attack command in Po Valley especially Po River crossings during 20-21 March 1945. During the day fighter-bombers concentrate on railroad targets lines, trains, bridges, and viaducts and dumps in Po Valley and areas North of battle line in North Apennines. Medium bombers bomb railroad fill at Salorno, bridges at Casarsa della Delizia and Pizzighettone, marshalling yards at Vipiteno and Brennero, and bridge approaches at Campo.

Fifteenth Air Force. 660 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) B-24 Liberator heavy bombers and B-17 Flying Fortress heavy bombers, with fighters escorts, bomb Neuburg an der Donau airfield, marshalling yards at Villach (2), Klagenfurt, Graz, Bruck and der Mur, and Pragersko, 3 oil refineries and a goods depot at Vienna, and 4 scattered targets. Supply and reconnaissance missions with escort are flown.

Tenth Air Force. 30 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) P-47 Thunderbolt fighters support Chinese ground forces in Hsipaw area. 34 P-38 Lightning fighters sweep roads South of bomb line. 13 B-25 Mitchell medium bombers and 18 P-47 Thunderbolt fighters attack troop concentrations and vehicles at several points behind Japanese lines. 526 air supply sorties are flown to forward areas. In ground action in the area of the British Fourteenth Army's 33 Corps, organised resistance ceases in Mandalay. Allied forces completely take over that city.

Fourteenth Air Force. 4 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) P-51 Mustang fighter-bombers damage several locomotives and boxcars at Vinh airfield and along railroad to the North. 6 B-24 Liberator heavy bombers claim 1 vessel damaged in South China Sea.

Far East Air Force (FEAF). On Luzon United States Army Air Force (USAAF) B-25 Mitchell medium bombers, A-20 Havoc light bombers, and fighters continue large-scale support missions, hitting a variety of targets including Japanese defences at Lipa and Tarlac and town of Naga and Camiling. In Central Phils B-24 Liberator heavy bombers hit targets near Cebu City while A-20 Havoc light bombers pound other towns on Cebu. B-24 Liberator heavy bombers bomb Samah airfield. B-25 Mitchell medium bombers on shipping sweep attack and set afire a freighter Southeast of Nanao Island.

Seventh Air Force. 16 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) P-51 Mustang fighter-bombers from Iwo Jima strafe and bomb barracks and radio and radar installations on Chichi Jima. 13 B-24 Liberator heavy bombers, based on Guam, hit Susaki airfield, which is hit again during 21-22 March 1945, by 5 more, flying separate strikes.

Zone of Interior. A United States Army Air Force (USAAF) P-63 from Walla Walla airfield intercepts Japanese balloon near Redmond, and, after chase that includes 2 refuelling stops, shoots it down near Reno.

V-2 rocket launched against England, hit Wanstead / Woodford.

V-2 rocket launched against England, hit Heston and Isleworth.

V-2 rocket launched against England, hit Hampstead.

V-2 rocket launched against England, hit Ruisslip.

V-2 rocket launched against England, hit near Romford.

V-2 rocket launched against England, hit near Braintree.

V-2 rocket launched against England, hit Woodham Ferrers.

V-2 rocket launched against England, hit near Bishops Stortford.

Go To: 22nd March
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V-2 rocket

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Sources

The Second Great War.
Edited by Sir John Hamilton

The War Illustrated.
Edited by Sir John Hamilton

2194 Days Of War.
ISBN-10: 086136614X

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