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23rd March 1945

WWII Timeline




Events On This Day

Eighth Air Force. Allied ground assault across lower Rhine begins. 1,240 heavy bombers attack 10 assigned marshalling yards East of the Rhine primary targets and 4 other marshalling yards as secondary targets and targets, along with a power station, aluminium works, and benzol plant. 14 P-51 Mustang fighter-bombers groups give close and area support, flying 355 effective sorties.

Ninth Air Force. Approximately 800 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) medium bombers and light bombers strike 7 command centres, a factory, and targets including several antiaircraft positions. Attacks on command centres are aimed at obstructing movement of reinforcements to the front. Fighters escort 9th Bomber Division, fly patrols and armed reconnaissance, attack assigned ground targets, support United States III and VII Corps Southeast of Honnef and East of Wied River and XII and XX Corps astride and on West bank of the Rhine River between Mainz and Worms.

Twelfth Air Force. United States Army Air Force (USAAF) light bombers attack loading points and crossings along Po River during 22-23 March 1945. P-47 Thunderbolt fighters concentrate on command and general movement in lower Brenner area during the day. The fighter-bombers also blast several dumps in Central Po Valley. B-25 Mitchell medium bombers hit bridges, railroad fills, and bridge approaches in Brenner area at Matrei am Brenner, Pordenone, Salorno, San Michele all' Adige, Vo Sinistro, Longarone, and Perca.

Fifteenth Air Force. 658 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) heavy bombers with fighters escort hit oil refineries at Ruhland, and at Vienna, marshalling yards at Budejovice, Gmund, Sankt Polten and Sankt Valentin, and tank works at Sankt Valentin, plus scattered targets. Over 40 P-38 Lightning fighters and P-51 Mustang fighter-bombers fly reconnaissance.

Tenth Air Force. 15 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) P-47 Thunderbolt fighters support Chinese ground forces, bomb troop, positions at Nampongpang and Nakang. 16 P-47 Thunderbolt fighters hit targets along roads from Mong Nawng to Wan Sing to Kunlong. 11 P-47 Thunderbolt fighters hit quarters at Monglawng while 3 others attack supply dumps at Laihka. 9 B-25 Mitchell medium bombers bomb command routes, creating 2 road blocks behind enemy lines. In large-scale air supply operations, 536 sorties are flown.

Fourteenth Air Force. 28 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) B-24 Liberator heavy bombers bomb Tsinan railroad shops and Yellow River bridge. 5 B-25 Mitchell medium bombers bomb town areas, storage facilities, and targets at Sinsiang and Wuyang and chiefly in the Hsiangcheng area. 50 fighter-bombers attack troops, horses, and river, road, and railroad targets in North Indochina and South and East China.

Far East Air Force (FEAF). United States Army Air Force (USAAF) B-24 Liberator heavy bombers, B-25 Mitchell medium bombers, A-20 Havoc light bombers, and fighters hit the Visayan Islands, bombing Cebu City, hitting defences on Cebu and other islands, and bomb Antamok mines, Balete Pass, and Tangadon areas, along with several other targets. B-24 Liberator heavy bombers also hit targets on Mindanao. Fighter-bombers attack Takao.

Seventh Air Force. 15 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) P-51 Mustang fighter-bombers from Iwo Jima bomb and strafe various targets on Chichi Jima, Haha Jima, and Ani Jima. During 23-24 March 1945, 5 Guam based B-24 Liberator heavy bombers, flying single bomber strikes, pound Susaki airfield.

Eleventh Air Force. An 8 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) bomber strike is called off due to weather.

V-2 rocket launched against England, hit Greenwich.

V-2 rocket launched against England, hit near Clacton.

V-2 rocket launched against England, hit Stepney.

V-2 rocket launched against England, hit North Weald.

V-2 rocket launched against England, hit Little Gaddesden.

V-2 rocket launched against England, hit near Althorne.

V-2 rocket launched against England, hit Stapleford.

V-2 rocket launched against England, hit Waltham Holy Cross.

M296 Minesweeper
Commissioned 23 March 1945

M612 Minesweeper
Launched 23 March 1945

Go To: 24th March
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V-2 rocket

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Sources

The Second Great War.
Edited by Sir John Hamilton

The War Illustrated.
Edited by Sir John Hamilton

2194 Days Of War.
ISBN-10: 086136614X

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