Wehrmacht History 1935 to 1945

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23rd May 1945

WWII Timeline




Events On This Day

Ninth Air Force. General Weyland assumes command of Ninth Air Force. General Sanders becomes Commanding General XIX Tactical Air Command. XIX Tactical Air Command flies navigational patrol to Gmunden, Liezen, Radstadt, and Innsbruck.

Fourteenth Air Force. 14 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) B-25 Mitchell medium bombers and 6 P-51 Mustang fighter-bombers attack bridge and gun positions North and South of Hwayuan, knock out bridge and hit boxcars at Chungmow, damage bridge North of Lohochai, damage bridge and nearby gun positions at Kuanshuishih, and pound truck convoys around Paoching, Hengyang, and Changsha. 30 fighter-bombers hit various targets around Liping, Yoyang, Changsha, Hengyang, Luntangpu, Chingmen, Shasi, and Ichang.

Far East Air Force (FEAF). United States Army Air Force (USAAF) A-20 Havoc light bombers and B-25 Mitchell medium bombers hit Cagayan Valley and Balete Pass targets. P-51 Mustang fighter-bombers support ground forces in Baguio area and P-38 Lightning fighters hit Ipo-Antipolo areas. Tawau, Bintula, Samarinda, and Miri are hit by heavy bombers, Fort Brook and Weston by medium bombers, and Tarakan Island by fighter-bombers.

Twentieth Air Force. During 23-24 May 1945, 520 out of 562 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) B-29 Superfortress heavy bomber's sent against Tokyo bomb an urban industrial area South of the Imperial Palace along West side of the harbour. 5 others hit targets. 17 B-29 Superfortress heavy bomber's are lost. This is the largest number of B-29 Superfortress heavy bomber's participating in a single mission during the Second World War.

Seventh Air Force. 32 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) P-47 Thunderbolt fighters from Saipan strafe Moen airfields and boats off Tol, buildings on Tarik, and seaplane base, buildings, and small boats at Dublon.

Eleventh Air Force. 7 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) B-24 Liberator heavy bombers radar bomb Kataoka naval base area while another flies a radar ferret mission in the same area.

Karl Dönitz on 23 May 1945, and Chancellor of Germany Count Lutz Graf Schwerin von Krosigk are arrested by British forces at Flensburg. They are respectively the last German Head of state and Head of government until 1949.

Heinrich Himmler on 23 May 1945, former head of the Waffen SS, commits suicide whilst being held captive by the British.

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Sources

The Second Great War.
Edited by Sir John Hamilton

The War Illustrated.
Edited by Sir John Hamilton

2194 Days Of War.
ISBN-10: 086136614X

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