Wehrmacht History 1935 to 1945

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24th March 1945

WWII Timeline




Events On This Day

Eighth Air Force. In conjunction with allied ground forces assault across the lower Rhine River the Eighth flies bombing, supply, and armed reconnaissance missions. During morning 1,033 heavy bombers strike 14 airfields in West Germany. 85 fighters sorties are flown in support. At midday 235 B-24 Liberator heavy bombers drop supplies to allied forces in assault area East of the Rhine. During the afternoon 443 heavy bombers, supported by 113 effective fighters sorties, bomb 5 airfields, a marshalling yard, and a railroad in North West Germany. The fighters claim 27 kills in aerial combat. All during the day, fighters fly 1,065 effective sorties in armed reconnaissance patrols attacking numerous ground targets and claiming 30 fighters downed.

Ninth Air Force. Nearly 700 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) A-20 Havoc light bombers, A-26 Invader light bombers, and B-26 Marauder medium bombers blast command centres, rail bridges, flak positions, and numerous other targets in cooperation with combined land airborne assault across the Rhine River (PLUNDERVARSITY) by the British Second and United States Ninth Armies and the United States XVIII Corps of the First Allied Airborne Army. Over 2,000 transports and gliders of IX Troop Carrier Command drop and land British 6th Airborne and United States 17th Airborne Divisions plus artillery, vehicles, ammunition, and other supplies East of the Rhine North and North West of Wesel as British Second and United States Ninth Armies cross river to the North West and Southeast. Fighters attack with bombers before the drop and carpet the landing zones with fragmentation bombs, immobilising numerous antiaircraft batteries. Fighters escort bombers and transports, cover assaulting 30th and 79th Infantry Divisions, attack troop concentrations, antiaircraft positions, supply and ammunition dumps, airfields, defended villages, and road and rail traffic, and patrol the perimeter of the battle sector. Fighters also support United States First Army elements across the Rhine East of Remagen between Koblenz and the Sieg River as they prepare for breakout assault, and United States Third Army's XII Corps as it strengthens its Rhine bridgehead East of Oppenheim and commits its armour to push through toward the Main River.

Twelfth Air Force. General Cannon takes command of Army Air Forces, Mediterranean Theatre of Operations (AAFMTO), and shortly afterwards also takes over Mediterranean Allied Air Forces (MAAF). A-20 Havoc light bombers and A-26 Invader light bombers during 23-24 March 1945, pound marshalling yards, river crossings and other bridges, and a variety of other targets in Po Valley and Northeast Italy where fighters and fighter-bombers during the day destroy or damage numerous rail lines and train cars. B-25 Mitchell medium bombers bomb bridges or bridge approaches at Piacenza, Chiari, Perca, Casarsa della Delizia, Palazzolo sull'Oglio, Muhlberg, and Steinach.

Fifteenth Air Force. 660 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) B-24 Liberator heavy bombers and B-17 Flying Fortress heavy bombers bomb tank works at Berlin and airfields at Munich and Neuburg an der Donau, plus Budejovice marshalling yard, and alternate targets and targets including airfields at Plattling, Erding, and Udine. P-38 Lightning fighters and P-51 Mustang fighter-bombers escort the missions against German targets and fly reconnaissance.

Tenth Air Force. 31 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) fighter-bombers and 9 B-25 Mitchell medium bombers operating over battlefront and behind enemy lines in Central Burma pound troop concentrations, supply areas, truck park, and general targets. 9 other fighter-bombers attack targets along roads South of bomb line. 504 air supply sorties are flown, landing men and supplies at advanced bases and dropping supplies to front line forces.

Fourteenth Air Force. 34 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) B-24 Liberator heavy bombers, with escort of 9 fighters, pound Chenghsien locomotive park and Yellow River bridge. 30 B-25 Mitchell medium bombers and over 100 fighter-bombers, operating in forces of 1-8 aeroplanes, attack tanks, trucks, locomotives, troop concentrations, storage areas, airstrips, bridges, gun positions, and general targets throughout South and East China.

Far East Air Force (FEAF). United States Army Air Force (USAAF) B-24 Liberator heavy bombers and A-20 Havoc light bombers pound Cebu City and defences and installations on Cebu Island. B-24 Liberator heavy bombers, B-25 Mitchell medium bombers, A-20 Havoc light bombers, and P-38 Lightning fighters attack Balete Pass, Legaspi, Batangas area, and scattered targets throughout Luzon. B-24 Liberator heavy bombers hit harbour at Takao and power plant and alcohol factory East of Okayama.

Seventh Air Force. 9 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) B-24 Liberator heavy bombers from Guam bomb torpedo storage area on Marcus. 24 Angaur based B-24 Liberator heavy bombers bomb defensive positions and town of Naga. 16 Iwo based P-51 Mustang fighter-bombers hit air, naval, and radar installations and targets on Chichi Jima. During 24-25 March 1945, 5 Guam based B-24 Liberator heavy bombers hit airfields and town of Omura.

V-2 rocket launched against England, hit Poplar.

R423 R-boat
Launched 24 March 1945 ?

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V-2 rocket

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Sources

The Second Great War.
Edited by Sir John Hamilton

The War Illustrated.
Edited by Sir John Hamilton

2194 Days Of War.
ISBN-10: 086136614X

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