Wehrmacht History 1935 to 1945

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31st August 1945

WWII Timeline




Events On This Day

Twelfth Air Force. Twelfth Air Force is inactivated in Italy.

Fifteenth Air Force. Colonel Elmer J Rogers Junior assumes command of Fifteenth Air Force until its inactivation on 15 September 1945.

In Yokohama. General MacArthur establishes the supreme allied command at the main port of Tokyo, as the first foreigner to take charge of Japan in 1000 years. In discussing the preparations for the formal surrender ceremony, scheduled for 2 September 1945, he said. The surrender plan has been going splendidly. There is every indication that the occupation will continue without bloodshed or friction. The American occupation is continuing at a rate of 300 troop planes per day.

In the Philippines. The remaining Japanese troops formally surrender.

In Marcus Island. The Japanese garrison surrenders to the American Admiral Francis E.M. Whiting.

In the United States of America. The government of the United States of America re-establishes diplomatic relations with Finland.

In Occupied Germany. Field Marshal Walther von Brauchitsch and Field Marshal Erich von Manstein are arrested by Allied authorities. Meanwhile, the civilian population is in flux. Germans who fled the bombing of their cities are going home to stake their claim on whatever remains of their property. One in five persons in the western zone of Germany is a refugee. There are also Germans driven out of Poland and Silesia as well as other parts of eastern Europe.

In Moscow. The government of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics re-establishes diplomatic relations with Finland.

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Sources

The Second Great War.
Edited by Sir John Hamilton

The War Illustrated.
Edited by Sir John Hamilton

2194 Days Of War.
ISBN-10: 086136614X

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