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31st July 1945

WWII Timeline




Events On This Day

Twelfth Air Force. Organisational charts show great decrease in July in size of Twelfth Air Force due to redeployment, transfer, disbandment, and discontinuance of 50 units. Only 5 new units are added to the Twelfth. This leaves 77 assigned and 3 attached units compared to 122 assigned and 2 attached the previous month. The Twelfth practically ceases to be a flying Air Force as only 2 medium bombers groups, a night fighters squadron, and a reconnaissance group remain as flying units. The planes from these units are shortly transferred to Army Air Forces Service Command, Mediterranean Theatre of Operations (AAFSCMTO).

Fourteenth Air Force. 3 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) B-25 Mitchell medium bombers continue to bomb supply convoys moving through Siang Chiang Valley. 52 P-51 Mustang fighter-bombers and P-61 Black Widow, night fighters over South and East China attack river craft, trucks, railroad traffic, coastal shipping, ammunition dumps, and other targets at several locations including areas around Yanglowtung, Changsha, Siangyin, Hengyang, Hankow, Paoching, Nanyang, Nanking, Kulo, Hoihow, and Yoyang.

Far East Air Force (FEAF). 80 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) B-24 Liberator heavy bombers pound Kagoshima railroad yards and several other targets in the general area including Sasebo naval base, Yaki-shima, and Nagasaki. A-26 Invader light bombers and B-25 Mitchell medium bombers bomb Kanoya and Miyazaki airfields and nearby targets, Sasebo naval base, Marushima, warehouses at Nagasaki, and a factory and power plant on Koyagi Island. P-51 Mustang fighter-bombers attack antiaircraft positions at Moji, blast shipping at Iki Island and off North West and West coast of Kyushu, hit island West South West of Sasebo, bomb railroad targets and warehouses in Izumi area, and in general attack railroad and road net and other command targets throughout Kyushu. P-61 Black Widow, night fighters continue harassing missions during the night. P-51 Mustang fighter-bombers over the Ryukyus bomb airstrips in Miyako Island, and bomb town in Koniya area. B-25 Mitchell medium bombers and P-38 Lightning fighters support ground action on Luzon, hitting forces in Cagayan Valley and in Cervantes and Infanta sectors. B-24 Liberator heavy bombers pound area South of Fabrica.

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Sources

The Second Great War.
Edited by Sir John Hamilton

The War Illustrated.
Edited by Sir John Hamilton

2194 Days Of War.
ISBN-10: 086136614X

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