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31st March 1945

WWII Timeline




Events On This Day

Eighth Air Force. Almost 1,300 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) heavy bombers bomb Zeitz synthetic oil refinery, Halle marshalling yard, oil depot near Erfurt, cities of Gotha and Brandenburg, and 11 targets. 15 fighters groups provide support.

Ninth Air Force. 650 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) medium bombers and light bombers hit storage depots at Ebrach, Wurzburg, and Marienburg, marshalling yard at Wurzburg, town area of Rothenburg ob der Tauber, and a target. Fighters escort 9th Bomber Division, hit special targets, fly armed reconnaissance, and support United States 3d and 9th Armoured Division near Paderborn, XII Corps as it charges toward Eisenach, XX Corps along Fulda and Eder Rivers, and XVI and XIX Corps South of Haltern and North West of Lippstadt.

Twelfth Air Force. United States Army Air Force (USAAF) medium bombers bomb several targets (mostly alternates) in Po Valley and Brenner area despite bad weather. B-25 Mitchell medium bombers hit bridges or bridge approaches at San Michele all'Adige, Steinach, Crema, Canneto sull'Oglio, Legnago, and Manerbio, and rail embankment at Salorno. XXII Tactical Air Command A-20 Havoc light bombers and other aircraft hit Po River crossings during 30-31 March 1945, at Casalmaggiore, Ostiglia, Borgoforte, and San Benedetto Po, rail facilities at Piacenza and Cittadella, plus nearby ammunition dumps and other targets. Fighter-bombers continue to pound command and dumps at Lavis, Casarsa della Delizia, San Ambrogio di Valpolicella, Legnago, and several other points in Po Valley and Northeast Italy.

Fifteenth Air Force. 540 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) B-24 Liberator heavy bombers and B-17 Flying Fortress heavy bombers bomb Linz main railroad station and sidings, marshalling yards at Villach and Treviso, and 3 minor targets. P-51 Mustang fighter-bombers and P-38 Lightning fighters provide escort. 37 other fighters on sweeps and strafing attack railroad targets in Munich, Linz, Regensburg area and 43 hit similar targets in Prague area. Still other P-38 Lightning fighters and P-51 Mustang fighter-bombers fly extensively reconnaissance and reconnaissance escort.

Tenth Air Force. 12 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) B-25 Mitchell medium bombers hit troop dispersal areas behind enemy lines in Central Burma and hit 1 road bridge. 8 P-38 Lightning fighters attack supply dump at Namsang airfield.

Fourteenth Air Force. 30 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) B-24 Liberator heavy bombers, with escort of 9 P-51 Mustang fighter-bombers, blast railroad yards at Shihkiachwang. 12 B-25 Mitchell medium bombers bomb railroad yards at Sinyang while 4 hit Yanglowtung yards. 6 B-25 Mitchell medium bombers damage bridge and hit gun position at Sienning while 6 more knock out bridge near Ninh Binh and hit storage area at Samah Bay. 26 P-51 Mustang fighter-bombers attack Ningpo airfield, destroying or damaging several aeroplanes. 6 of the P-51 Mustang fighter-bombers are lost. About 125 other fighter-bombers and several B-25 Mitchell medium bombers operating individually attack numerous targets in Indochina and South and East China including bridges, troops, supplies, and rail, road, and river traffic.

Far East Air Force (FEAF). United States Army Air Force (USAAF) A-20 Havoc light bombers attack army camp at Saiatan while P-51 Mustang fighter-bombers sweep from Babuyan Channel to South West Formosa. Fighters attack targets in Cagayan Valley and North of Laguna de Bay, blasting bridges and gun positions over wide stretches of Luzon. B-25 Mitchell medium bombers, A-20 Havoc light bombers; and fighter-bombers hit Cebu targets, several of the strikes being flown in support of ground forces. B-24 Liberator heavy bombers again bomb Bongao Island and hit Oelin. Fighters harass North Borneo airfields. B-24 Liberator heavy bombers bomb harbours and shipping at Kiirun, Formosa and Yulin.

Twentieth Air Force. 137 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) B-29 Superfortress heavy bomber's strike Tachiarai machine works and Omura airfield. This is diversionary strike preceding invasion of Okinawa which begins at 0830 on 1 April 1945.

Seventh Air Force. 15 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) P-51 Mustang fighter-bombers from Iwo Jima bomb and strafe vessels, air installations, and targets on Chichi Jima. 16 more follow with attacks on vessels and harbour area. During the night 5 B-24 Liberator heavy bombers from Guam, flying individual harassment strikes, hit Susaki airfield.

Köln Light cruiser Köln Light cruiser
Sunk 31 March 1945



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Köln Light cruiser

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Sources

The Second Great War.
Edited by Sir John Hamilton

The War Illustrated.
Edited by Sir John Hamilton

2194 Days Of War.
ISBN-10: 086136614X

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